Victor Fey, adjunct professor of mechanical engineering at Wayne State University and founding partner of the TRIZ Group, a Michigan-based technology consulting firm, told CNSNews.com that while everyone is focused on fuel economy as the "holy grail," the main problem confronting U.S. automakers is a “lack of innovation.”
In the aftermath of a bailout, American automakers will still have to meet consumer preferences, not just government-mandated fuel efficiency standards, said Fey.
American automakers have been “reacting” to their competitors rather than “creating something highly innovative and new,” he said.
“None of their products have that ‘wow factor’ that leaves you thinking, ‘This is amazing. I never dreamed this could be possible,’” said Fey.
“American automakers can win, but not by replicating what the competition has done. They can win by innovating, by creating something dramatically different,” he said.
He described the three U.S. automakers as “very reactive.” “They don’t think ahead,” said Shoshiev. “They just react to their competitors and implement the changes they made first.”
Shoshiev said the corporate culture of U.S. automakers is “risk averse.” They “typically don’t want to be the first to try out a new, great idea,” he said.
Shoshiev also said the U.S. automakers are not as willing as their Japanese competitors to pay more for superior parts.
Japanese automakers, he said, “will make a bid on a parts contract and if the supplier cannot make the product for the requested price, a Japanese automaker will oftentimes renegotiate the terms and raise the price they’re willing to pay. The Big Three are usually not as flexible.”
Shoshiev said Ford needs to eliminate “the gatekeepers of change” and let its “good core of engineers focus on innovation.”
He said Chrysler should reopen some of its advanced engineering divisions that were closed after the Daimler takeover.
Bernard Johnson, president of Analytic and Leadership Excellence, a Michigan-based engineering consulting firm, also pointed to the lack of innovation among the U.S. automakers. “Without thinking out-of-the-box one can only hope to be average,” he said.
The U.S. automakers “need to adopt change as a way of conducting business rather than just continue trying to meet their quarterly report goals,” he said. But, he added, “It’s hard to break from the pack and take risks when there is such politics involved.”
Benjamin Saltsman, an engineer with Eaton Corporation, an Ohio-based supplier to the U.S. automakers, said he does not “believe that the Big Three are behind in innovation.”