I point out these connections in the hope that understanding them may contribute positively to the emergence of a NEW anti-conservative movement in American culture to combat the old conservative anti-sixties movement that has been around for more than half a century now, as I will explain momentarily.
The present essay is structured into four parts with the following subheadings: (1) Who Is Anthony de Mello, S.J.? (2) Who Is Robert Moore? (3) Connecting Anthony de Mello's Thought with Robert Moore's Thought; and (4) Anthony de Mello's View of How Change Occurs (When It Does Occur).
(1) Who Is Anthony de Mello, S.J.?
Anthony de Mello, SJ, was a Jesuit in
When the Jesuits engaged in re-examining the historical events surrounding the founding of the Jesuit order by St. Ignatius Loyola and his early companions, they learned much more about how St. Ignatius Loyola had conducted retreats when he directed people making retreats following the so-called "spiritual exercises" that he eventually compiled in the book titled the SPIRITUAL EXERCISES. Talk about truth in advertising -- the title of this book tells us accurately what the book consists of -- instructions for so-called "spiritual exercises." But what are spiritual exercises? Spiritual exercises are ways to meditate and contemplate, say, a certain biblical passage. The book contains instructions about how to proceed to meditate, including the instruction to apply one's senses to meditating about a certain biblical passage by imagining the scene visually, imagining the smells, imagining the sounds, and so on. To spell out the obvious, this kind of meditation involves the use of imagery and of one's imagination. By contrast, certain other kinds of meditation such as Buddhist meditation involve emptying the mind of imagery and quieting the imagination.
Tony de Mello was part of the heady experience of Jesuits at the time in renewing how they went about giving and taking retreats following the SPIRITUAL EXERCISES of St. Ignatius Loyola. As part of their standard course of training, Jesuits-in-training twice make 30-day retreats in silence (except for daily conferences with the retreat director) following the SPIRITUAL EXERCISES. Tony de Mello was involved in directing Jesuits who were making 30-day retreats.