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- Libya has an internationally-recognised government the Government of National Accord (GNA) that was put together by the UN in 2016 in a bid to stabilize the country after the bloody overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. In April, 75-year-old General Khalifa Haftar ordered his forces toward Tripoli in a bid to topple the GNA and take control of the country. Air strikes, which killed dozens of people, have been blamed on military commander Khalifa Haftar and his self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA). A UN Security Council (UNSC) meeting failed to agree on a statement condemning deadly airstrikes on a migrant detention centre.
Trump appeared to take matters into his own hands in a phone call with Haftar who has US citizenship in which he praised his "significant role in fighting terrorism and securing Libya's oil resources," a White House statement said. Officials later said the US president had further endorsed the ongoing assault on Tripoli, Bloomberg reported.
This turnaround is said to have caught Trump's advisors off guard and was also noted that it came just two weeks after his phone call with Haftar's main allies Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, and Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Mohammed bin Zayed.
France has been accused of playing both sides of the conflict. Kremlin spokesperson Dmitri Peskov maintains that "Moscow is not taking part" in the renewed fighting "in any way" but Russia also refused to approve a statement calling on Haftar to halt his offensive in early April. Haftar has also been hosted by Russia several times. Turkey and Algeria support the GNA, while Egypt and Saudi Arabia support the LNA.
Let us look back at a peaceful and prosperous Libya, just five weeks before the UN Security Council voted to bomb it, to the first week of February 2011, when the UN Quality of Life Index of 2010 had Libya ranked the 53rd highest nation, ahead of nine European nations (including Russia), a beautiful well kept Arab Socialist country, where everyone owned their own home, enjoyed free and modern health care, free good education up through PhD, a low infant mortality, and the cheapest imaginable gasoline for cars. Citizens were free from exploitation as all wage labor was strictly forbidden in the Libyan constitution of a real decentralized democracy in which everyone participated at the local assemblies level where all issues of state concern were discussed before sending delegates to the central assembly of government in Tripoli. Political parties, or gangs of foreign backed professional politicians, were illegal.
In 'Gaddafi's Libya was Africa's Most Prosperous Democracy,' Zimbabwean Garikai Chengu, a fellow at the Du Bois Institute for African Research at Harvard University, writes, "Contrary to popular belief, Libya, which western media described as 'Gaddafi's military dictatorship', was in actual fact one of the world's most democratic States," and describes this in detail. "Even the New York Times, which was always highly critical of Colonel Gaddafi, conceded that in Libya, the intention was that "everyone is involved in every decision. "Tens of thousands of people take part in local committee meetings to discuss issues and vote on everything from foreign treaties to building schools."