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Sci Tech    H2'ed 2/2/19

The energy trifecta; entropy, economy, environment.

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Politicians profess an aversion to picking technology winners all the while subsidizing fossil fuels to the tune of $5 trillion a year while leaving the public to pick up the cost of greenhouse-gas emissions that in 2015 killed 9 million people and did $4.6 trillion in economic damage.

The fossil industry is a major sponsor of the electoral campaigns of its cronies and skews democracy by outspending the eco-friendly who are economically depleted by the environmental damage of the polluters. All of which leads to the unrest witnessed in democratic and non-democratic constituencies alike around the world.

This tension between the economy and the environment is one of our most contentious issues and yet is totally unwarranted.

The Economy is;

  1. the wealth and resources of a country or region, especially in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services, or
  2. careful management of available resources.

Economists tell us, "A carbon tax offers the most cost-effective lever to reduce carbon emissions at the scale and speed that is necessary," calling climate change a "serious problem" that needs "immediate national action." Yet, the poll released this week by the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC) and The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research shows that only about half of Americans over 18 support a carbon tax.

Like politicians, the economists are pitting one side against the other with the result there are no outright winners and the careful management of our available resources goes by the boards.

According to the EPIC study, support for a carbon tax increases according to the use to which the tax is used but the flip side of the carbon debate was espoused by the American Energy Alliance in its 2015 Energy Townhall, which cites opposition to a carbon tax based on: increased transportation and utility costs, increased cost of goods and services, disproportionate damage to low-income communities and seniors, decreased American economic competitiveness, increased air pollution due to offshoring of industry to regions with weaker environmental standards, minimal environmental impact, the tax is not market-driven, it is a tool for politicians to continue wasteful government spending, it is not "revenue-neutral", and finally they claim that 60% of Americans oppose the idea, though the number seems to have decreased in the ensuing three years according to EPIC.

What concerns those opposed to carbon taxes most is their share on the wealth and resources of the country, which as Eugene Ludwig, former comptroller of the currency under the Clinton administration, said recently have at best stagnated for most.

More than 50 percent of income gains from 2009 to 2015 went to the wealthiest 1 percent of Americans, according to Emmanuel Saez of the University of California at Berkeley in his paper Wealth Inequality in the United States Since 1913: Evidence from Capitalized Income Tax Data, and a tax on carbon isn't going to help the cause of the 99 percent one iota.

Enter entropy, which is the thermodynamic quantity representing the unavailability of a system's thermal energy for conversion into mechanical work, often interpreted as the degree of disorder or randomness in the system.

Global warming is thermal energy, the unavailability of which for conversion into mechanical work is the problem.

A method that converts this thermal energy into mechanical work is the solution and what's more, this is energy legitimately too cheap to meter because it costs less than fossil-fuel subsidies or the current environmental damage, let alone the combination of both.

As shown here, warming is accumulating about 380 terawatts of thermal energy a year or about 21 times the current planetary consumption of primary energy, and this thermal energy can be converted to mechanical work at an efficiency rate of 7.6% to produce 29 terawatts of primary energy or twice as much as is derived from fossil fuels.

The jobs and benefits associated with the difference between 14 and 29 terawatts of primary, sustainable energy is the social benefit 99% of us are currently missing out on and which a carbon tax will never provide. What's more the thermal energy not converted to mechanical work by Negative Emissions OTEC returns to the surface where it can be recycled to produce additional work until all of it is consumed, which would be about 3,250 years from now.

In the alternative, ideas like those recently espoused by the Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation would cut world energy use by 26% and thus forego the economic, environmental and social benefits of twice as much energy.

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Inventor: Method and apparatus for load balancing trapped solar energy OTEC Counter-Current Heat Transfer System Global Warming Mitigation Method Subductive Waste Disposal Method Nuclear Assisted Hydrocarbon Production Method

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