Are we making progress on the jobs front? The
Bureau of Labor Statistics reports 192,000 new jobs in Februrary
(220,000 new jobs in the private sector and a drop in government
employment), and a drop in the overall unemployment rate from 9 to 8.9
We're heading in the right direction but far too slowly to make a
real dent in unemployment. To get the unemployment rate down to 6-percent by 2014 we'd need over 300,000 new jobs a month, every month,
between now and then.
Overall, the number of unemployed Americans -- 13.7-million -- is about
the same as it was last month. The number working part time who'd
rather be working full time -- 8.3-million -- is also about the same.
But to get to the most important trend you have to dig under the job
numbers and look at what kind of new jobs are being created. That's
where the big problem lies.
The National Employment Law Project did just that. Its new data brief
shows that most of the new jobs created since February 2010 (about 1.26
million) pay significantly lower wages than the jobs lost (8.4 million)
between January 2008 and February 2010.
While the biggest losses were higher-wage jobs paying an average of
$19.05 to $31.40 an hour, the biggest gains have been lower-wage jobs
paying an average of $9.03 to $12.91 an hour.
In other words, the big news isn't jobs. It's wages.
For several years now, conservative economists have blamed high
unemployment on the purported fact that many Americans have priced
themselves out of the global/high-tech jobs market.
So if we want more jobs, they say, we'll need to take pay and benefit cuts.
And that's exactly what Americans have been doing.
Employers have demanded wage and benefit concessions from their
unionized workers and often got them. Detroit is creating auto jobs
again -- but new hires are getting about half the pay that auto workers
were getting before. Airline workers are taking home 30 to 50 percent
less than they did years ago. And so on.
Conservatives say it's not enough. That's why unions have to be
busted -- and why some governors are seeking to abolish laws requiring
workers to become dues-paying union members in order to get certain
jobs. Hence, the fights brewing in the Midwest.
Meanwhile, millions of non-union workers have accepted cuts in pay
and benefits just to keep their jobs. Health benefits have been slashed,
pension contributions from employers dramatically cut, wages dropped or
Millions of private-sector workers have been fired and then re-hired
as contract workers to do almost exactly what they were doing before,
but without any benefits or job security.
The current attack on public-sector workers should be seen in this
light. The charge is they now take home more generous pay and benefit
packages than private-sector workers. It's not true on the wage side if
you control for level of education, but it wasn't even true on the
benefits side until private-sector benefits fell off a cliff. Meanwhile,
across America, public-sector workers have been "furloughed," which is a
nice word for not collecting any pay for weeks at a time.
At this rate, the unemployment rate will continue to decline. But so will the pay and benefits of most Americans.