- Henry Lee McCollum
First there was Ferguson, Missouri and the gunning down of an unarmed black youth and the ad-nauseum follow-up emphasizing over-and-over the shooting officer's fear. Now it's the release of two half brothers in North Carolina clearly railroaded into convictions and death sentences by a notoriously remorseless, good-'ol-boy district attorney.
Once a fair-minded superior court judge actually looked at the evidence and declared the emperor had no clothes, any eighth-grader could see the criminal justice system in this nice little North Carolina community had cynically set up Henry Lee McCollum and Leon Brown, two intellectually vulnerable African American teenagers, to clear the docket of a sensational, vengeance-demanding child murder case. Until the judge's ruling, everyone had simply assumed because they had been convicted and were in prison these men were guilty. In 1994, Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia even cited the barbarous natures of McCollum and Brown in defense of the death penalty.
The Ferguson case of a police homicide in broad daylight on a public street has been intentionally placed on a secret, very slow wheels-of-justice track that can only benefit Officer Darren Wilson's expected argument in court that he felt fear, which in the realm of courtroom narrative and reasonable doubt means he walks. In common US jurisprudence, a police officer's fear and his or her perception of threat -- even if shown to be unfounded -- is sacrosanct and excuses pretty much anything.
The interrogating police officers used what is called "fear-up" tactics to intimidate the two teenage brothers into signing bogus confessions with information the police manipulated into their frightened, vulnerable minds. McCollum tells us now that he had never been in police custody before that day and was simply overwhelmed by the behavior of the cops. He told them what they wanted so he could go home, something they had promised. He "confessed" that two other boys were involved in the raping and killing of the 11-year-old girl. Neither of those boys were ever charged with anything. Why not? Because The System had everything it needed: two confessed killers to wrap up the case. They were poor, black and not too smart, so who would give a damn? Case closed.
The district attorney at the time, Joe Freeman Britt, is 6'6" tall and was notorious over his career for sending people he had charged to death. He reportedly withheld evidence that might have altered the case. As expected, Britt still insists the two men are guilty. Like he's going to tell the press, sure, I framed those two vulnerable boys to wrap up a highly emotional child rape-murder case. Citizens wanted vengeance for such a heinous crime, so I gave it to them. How do you think I stayed in office all those years? If there was such a thing as real justice in a case like this, Britt and the cops involved would each be sentenced to 30 years of lousy prison food and having to look over their shoulders 24/7.
But that's not how the American criminal justice system works. You get the "justice" you're able to pay for. The recent exoneration of McCollum and Brown is the exception, based in this instance on the tireless hard work of good-hearted people. Three cheers for the exceptions!
(Allow me to parenthetically slip in, here, that, one, while prisons are too often a bad way to solve societal problems, sometimes they are necessary. Two, the majority of inmates in prison are guilty as charged. And three, the prison system in this country is a runaway train of evil dysfunction saturated with racism and class arrogance.)
The worst smell seeping out of the McCollum/Brown case is a little like the smell of a skunk. On one level, it's really obnoxious, but then a little of it can be pleasantly musky. I'm speaking of the image of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia suddenly caught with his pants around his knees.
"Rather than continue to coddle the court's delusion that the desired level of fairness has been achieved," Blackmun wrote in a February 1994 dissent in Callins v. Collins, "I feel...obligated simply to concede that the death penalty experiment has failed."
Scalia countered Blackmun by citing the McCollum and Brown case. He was aware of the case because it was upcoming on the docket that term. (The court eventually refused to hear the case, with Blackmun dissenting.)
As Scalia responds to Blackmun, his tone gets smarmier and snottier as it goes forward. He doesn't like the example Blackmun cites in making his case that the death penalty is too sloppily applied and, thus, unconstitutional. Scalia cites "the case of the 11-year-old girl raped by four men and then killed by stuffing her panties down her throat. How enviable a quiet death by lethal injection compared to that!" (Scalia doesn't seem to be bothered that two of the "four men" -- actually boys -- he cites as guilty of this heinous crime were oddly never prosecuted.)