Reza Shah Pahlavi
The country creates its own hero:
The ambassadors of Russia, and England were more powerful than the king. The kings spend more time touring the sex clubs of Europe than staying in Tehran. The total number of beggars in each city was higher than factory workers. The ability to read and write was a luxury for the ellite. 99%+ of the population was illiterate. Corruption was endemic. The practice of medicine was a relic of a thousand years ago. There were a few real doctors in Tehran, but these were mostly French and took care of the royal family. The security of cities and the roads were so bad that I had heard horror stories from the elders of my own family.
First World War:
As if the country did not have enough problems, the First World War showed up from nowhere. Iran declared itself neutral in the war; however Iran did not have the military power to enforce its neutrality. Each country had its own espionage system in the country. The most powerful one was the British intelligence Service. They had established many Freemasonry lodges around the Middle East and India, which was just a setting for recruiting local British servants (spies, sympathizes or traitors). There were also foreign military officers who knew the place better than our kings (the British Lawrence of Arabia and the German, Schooman). Iran's military situation was so pathetic that Russians came from north and Turks from the west to battle it out in Iranian city of Hamedan (of course without any permission for entrance or for departure).
The black devil, Oil and William Knox Darcy: