Reza Shah Pahlavi
The country creates its own hero:
The nineteenth century was just a miserable time for Iran. The country was cut in half; it had no army of its own, no money, people were illiterate, the kings were not competent enough to run a stable, the politicians were corrupt. The new parliament did not have anything to work with. Every corner of the country was run by a local bandit. The roads were not safe and the kings refused to repair them in order to prevent any big countries from pulling a blitzkrieg. The laws were the laws of the Old Testament, judges were the clergy. Every ayatollah had more power than the entire royal family. The king's harems had caused the population of the royal family to be larger than the armed forces.
The ambassadors of Russia, and England were more powerful than the king. The kings spend more time touring the sex clubs of Europe than staying in Tehran. The total number of beggars in each city was higher than factory workers. The ability to read and write was a luxury for the ellite. 99%+ of the population was illiterate. Corruption was endemic. The practice of medicine was a relic of a thousand years ago. There were a few real doctors in Tehran, but these were mostly French and took care of the royal family. The security of cities and the roads were so bad that I had heard horror stories from the elders of my own family.
First World War:
As if the country did not have enough problems, the First World War showed up from nowhere. Iran declared itself neutral in the war; however Iran did not have the military power to enforce its neutrality. Each country had its own espionage system in the country. The most powerful one was the British intelligence Service. They had established many Freemasonry lodges around the Middle East and India, which was just a setting for recruiting local British servants (spies, sympathizes or traitors). There were also foreign military officers who knew the place better than our kings (the British Lawrence of Arabia and the German, Schooman). Iran's military situation was so pathetic that Russians came from north and Turks from the west to battle it out in Iranian city of Hamedan (of course without any permission for entrance or for departure).
The black devil, Oil and William Knox Darcy: