On Sunday it was reported that a young boy had been shot on
farmland near the Rafah crossing. The details were unclear. Several colleagues
and I traveled to Rafah to find out what happened. After making several
inquiries, we entered a Bedouin area several hundred meters north of Gaza's
border with Egypt and three kilometers from the Karm Abu Salem area of the
Israeli border on the East. We follow a young man on a motorcycle down dusty
roads with small plots of crops and olive trees on one side and dilapidated
homes made of corrugated metal, cinder block and plastic on the other.
Standing outside a rickety gate, three boys explain that
we need to wait, as there are only women at home. A child runs off to summon a
male family member. Someone calls from inside asking us to enter. We pass
through a dusty courtyard and are directed to a small dark room with nothing but
mats on the floor. A bare light bulb hangs overhead. A plastic clock hangs on
the wall. Despite all the children on the street and in the home, there are no
toys. A young boy sits in the corner, playing with the fringe on a woman's coat,
shy and surprised at the strangers in his home. A woman with a child clutching
her leg peeks from behind a curtain. Plastic chairs are brought in for the
Faiza, the boy's 44-year-old mother enters and sits
on the mat next to the boy. He is six-year-old Sohab Sultan. He is the victim of
the shooting, but he looks uninjured. Faiza pulls down his pants to show the
fresh bandage on his left buttock. She explains that on Saturday evening at
seven o'clock, they heard gunfire from the border. Sohab was sitting exactly
where we sat, playing on the floor with his brothers when the bullet pierced the
corrugated metal roof and struck him. She points to the hole in the ceiling just
above my head.
She produces his x-ray, showing a large caliber bullet
lodged inches from his pelvis. If he had been sitting in a slightly altered
position he could easily be dead. As it was, the bullet did little damage. His
mother explains that the bullet hasn't been removed yet. They need to schedule
surgery with the hospital.
Sohab's father, Majd, enters the room and sits beside me.
He explains the family's circumstances. He is unemployed and his wife suffers
from kidney disease. There is little income and very little support from the
government. He and his wife have nine children. Sohab is the youngest. It is the
first time a family member has been injured, although there is often the sound
of gunfire from the border and bullets have struck neighbor's homes in the
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He said, "We are often afraid, we never know when a bullet
could come down." He continues, "To the Israelis we say, "Please don't shoot
us, we are civilians here, we have no weapons, we live a civilian life. We just
want to live like humans. We want to live in peace."
Baraka al-Morabi was not as lucky as Sohab Sultan. He lived
in Zeitoun camp with his mother, father and two sisters as well as his
grandmother and three aunts with their families.
I attend his funeral. I watch as a father stumbles carrying
his seven-year-old child to his grave. Baraka is wrapped in a white shroud and
lowered into the ground. A short ceremony is held. A Palestinian flag is draped
over the fresh mound of dirt and a cardboard placard identifies the grave. His
is the last in a line of 14 new graves of fighters and civilians. You can
see a short video of the funeral here
Several days after the funeral we visited with Baraka's
father, Mohammed Osman al-Mograbi. He led us down rutted dirty streets, past the
gaggles of bare foot children, to his home in Zeitoun camp. We sat in a small
concrete enclosed courtyard adjacent to a small stable that contained a horse
and a small pony. The pony was born just weeks ago, a gift for Baraka.
As the family joins us under martyr posters of the young
boy and his neighbors, we learn the story of Baraka's death.
On Saturday March 17th there was a funeral in
Zeitoun for three fighters who had been killed the day before in an Israeli
bombing. Baraka was walking in the funeral procession. Many people were firing
pistols and Kalashnikovs into the air, as they will during both funerals and
celebrations. Suddenly Baraka stumbled to the ground. He was struck in the back
of the head by a bullet falling from the sky. He was hospitalized for four days
before he died.
Mohammed tells us, "Baraka was a happy child. He did well
in school and was always smiling." Now, he is gone, but not forgotten.
In Gaza, reminders of war and violence are everywhere. It
is normal to hear the sound of drones and F-16's crossing the sky. The sound of
machine gun fire from Israeli gunboats often punctuates a day at the beach or
disrupts ones sleep. Building facades made of plaster and cinder block are
scored with large caliber bullet holes, or even larger holes from mortars. Weeds
grow around twisted metal and chunks of concrete in lots where buildings were
reduced to rubble in Cast Lead, and there are the newly flattened buildings from
last week's attacks. And often, the bullets find much softer targets. Posters of
the newly dead replace martyr posters faded and torn. Then there is the one-legged man in the market, the burned woman I pass on the street, the pock marked
arms and faces of shrapnel victims, and the men forever bound by wheelchairs.
Now there is a new poster, of a young boy who was killed in
an act of senseless violence where violence and destruction seem the norm. His
death just a footnote in the context of the larger systemic violence waged on
the people here, but just last week he was not a footnote, he was a smiling
vibrant seven-year-old boy who did well in school and had a new pony.
Baraka's grandmother appears heartbroken. Baraka's mother
is less than reassured. She is pale and drawn. She is also carrying her fourth
child, and on the day Baraka died, she thought she was ready to deliver and was
rushed to the hospital, but the doctors sent her home to wait, and grieve.
Mohammed smiled. "Do not be sad," he said to me, "Baraka is
in paradise, it is a better place than here." Mohammed seemed at peace. "We
don't worry," he said, "We are a happy family."
I have traveled to Iraq, Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Gaza and Afghanistan to bear witness and document the suffering of people
who are affected by war. I advocate for reconciliation and nonviolent
strategies in the face of (more...