Ending Child Poverty by Children's Defense Fund
A recent report by the United Nation's Children's Fund (UNICEF)
details the growing levels of poverty facing children in the major capitalist
Compiled with information taken in the final two years of last decade
(2009-2010), the report reveals a staggering level of child poverty in the
"developed" world, with the standards of living in the
Entitled "Child Well-Being in Rich Countries," the study measures
living conditions faced by children in major capitalist countries of North
America, Europe, Oceania, and parts of
Roughly one in seven children within the
The report notes that the
In the areas of material well-being, the report focuses on individual
countries' poverty rates and the relative gap between the median income and
children classified as poor. In the
The official poverty line is taken to be 50 percent of the median income level of any particular country. This is itself absurdly low, with many families above the poverty line still living in extremely difficult circumstances.
The report briefly outlines the importance of child well-being, stating that "failure to protect and promote the well-being of children is associated with increased risk across a wide range of later-life outcomes" From impaired cognitive development to lower levels of school achievement, from reduced skills and expectations to lower productivity and earnings."
Of particular note is the infant mortality rate, included in the
"health and safety" section of the report. The findings single out the
The nations with the highest levels of childhood well-being were
concentrated within Nordic countries and
The majority of the findings are constructed from data collected in 2009-2010, the most recent period available for all relevant criteria. Noting the apparent inadequacy of this due to the economic crisis' continuing impact, the report mentions that such information would prove difficult to come by "in the best of times," adding that the past few years have been "far from the best of times."
Poverty has soared in
According to the assessment of education in the most developed
countries, including the percentage of youth enrolled in preschool, the
In his 2013 State of the Union address, President Barack Obama touted
an initiative toward the expansion of the Federal Head Start program, stating
his intention to make "high-quality preschool available to every child in
The conditions of young people in the
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