James Lovelock's Gaia Hypothesis1 states that the Earth appears to operate as a single organism where each species acts as if it were a cell in a functioning body with all other species working as cells in unison to maintain balance. For example, mammals breathe out carbon dioxide which trees breathe in. The trees breathe out oxygen which the mammals breathe in. Trees and mammals operate as if they were the lungs of the Earth taking in, renewing and pumping back out a mixture of carbon dioxide and oxygen that allows the planet to operate as a whole.
While it has not been researched as to whether this kind of scenario operates on a universal level, there is an indication that ancients thought it did. For example the term uni-verse implies the world is both a united operating system which depends on versatility to maintain itself.
In Sophia's Web: Reclaiming Wholeness in a Divided World2, I make a similar argument regarding world religions. While there are many religions on this planet, at their core they speak one reality that ultimately joins hands with some of the scientific findings in quantum physics and the earth sciences. For example, the Bible's description of the beginning is "And the Earth was without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And, God said, "let there be Light.'" Similarly, the Hindu Rig Veda says, "Darkness enfolded darkness in the beginning with no distinguishing sign, all this was water." Likewise, the Native American Kogis say of their Goddess, Aluna, that She is nothing at all and that She was when She was"darkly. Aluna is also described as an Ocean which probably signifies the undifferentiated mass that is "void and without form" prior to creation.
In science, this is beautifully illustrated in Deepak Chapra's Ageless Body, Timeless Mind3 in which he has the reader engage in a fantasy exercise of looking at his hands through a high powered microscope. In this exercise, he comes to a place where the beginning of the universe is seen. What's interesting is that it primarily states what the creation myths state. The most profound implication of this is that creation does not necessarily happen in times past but is happening right now. You could conceivably reach Genesis 1:2 in meditation.
Again, it appears there is a similar pattern cutting across cultures and time. Indeed, in the physics of David Bohm and the neurology of Karl Pribram, there is the notion that the universe is like a hologram in which each part contains the whole. If you think of this in terms of cloning, it may be easier to grasp. If you were to take a cell from my typing hands, you could conceivably create a whole new Burl. Again, in the part is the whole.
Likewise, your cells contain atoms that ultimately are as void as intergalactic space. In your essence, you mirror what you look at when you gaze at the stars. You are, indeed, star dust looking out at star dust. You are also the vast emptiness of the cosmos for as Chapra says, "you are 99.9999% empty space".
Could this same paradigm also speak to historic movements? For example, what has been the pattern for the past 6 to 7,000 years? These have been the years in which modern culture took form. It is also a time of great conquests beginning with the Egyptians and Romans and extending on into modern days where corporations are basically ruling the world. Ceaser, in this case, never died. He has morphed into various leaders and is now taking form as multi-national corporations. While the specifics have changed, the overall pattern has remained the same. The Corporate Empire, the British Empire, and the Roman Empire are different faces on one dragon. And, this variation is much narrower than what I'm giving it credit for.