What is Plaque Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a common type of skin diseases, and most of the times, it is Plaque Psoriasis. Plaque Psoriasis is a very common type of skin diseases that are occurred as red patches on the skin with a silver-white layer of dead skin cells(scales). These silver-colored patches may be formed on the scalp, elbows, lower backs, and knees. These skin patches might be painful or often patchy, and sometimes they crack and bleed.
According to the doctors, there are no such reasons which are known as the cause of psoriasis. It is considered that this type of Psoriasis is very common, and they are an autoimmune disease as because our immune system will target the healthy skin cells as it is fighting with an infection. This leads to the rapid growth of new skin cells, and it is much faster than the actual growth. When the more skin cells grow within a short period of time, think patches will form on the skin. This is known as Plaque Psoriasis.
When there is a rash formed on our body, and that doesn't go away easily even after using medicines, there is definitely a need to consult with the doctor. The doctor will observe those red patches on the skin and also check those silver colored white patches too. The reaction of those rashes on the skin is very important after medication. The doctor will look at places like scalp, elbow, lower body part, etc. as they are very common parts where Plaque Psoriasis occurs.
Psoriasis can't be spread with contact with others. People who have Psoriasis may feel several symptoms like Chorn's syndrome, metabolic syndrome, fatty liver disease, metabolic syndrome obesity, etc. There might be chances of getting heart disease, depression, and vision problems. There are 1 out of 3 people who have chances to get Psoriatic arthritis and followed by stiffness, swelling, deformation, and joint pain.
Usually, by consulting with a dermatologist, plaque psoriasis can be diagnosed when you share your problems and medical history. The dermatologist will simply look at your skin and tell you whether if you have Plaque Psoriasis or not. Sometimes he might need to do a biopsy to make sure. He can take a tiny sample of your skin, and by putting it under the microscope, he will be able to judge whether it is Plaque Psoriasis or not.
It is a well-known fact that Psoriasis can't be cured. The patient will go through stages where the white colored patches on your skin will look better after days, and then it will flares-up. The goal is to make those flare-ups look less severe. You can take pills orally, or you can put ointment on your skin on those white colored patches. There several such treatments available which are as follows,
Light therapy:The treatment with UV ray can be beneficial in case of Psoriasis disease. You can take it from a doctor at his chamber or your home. But don't go out on Sun when you have psoriasis. You may put sunscreen on the skin where you don't have rashes or patches. While having Psoriasis on our body, sunlight has several bad effects, including skin cancer.
Tropica medicines: At the very beginning, the doctor may start trying out by prescribing some cream or ointment. There are also several tropical medicines such as salicylic acid; coal tar is also approved by the doctors to treat psoriasis. There are other substances like aloe vera, jojoba, zinc, capsaicin, or pyrithione are also used to lower the effect of psoriasis.
Systemic drugs: If a good amount of body part is affected by psoriasis, then you might need medicines that can treat your entire body. They help to lower the effect of the immune system and reduce the growth of the skin cells. The systemic drugs like acitretin, ilumya, cyclosporine, or methotrexate are used. But such systemic drugs cause serious side effects like liver problems, depression, aggression and may increase the chances of skin cancer.
Biologic drugs: Biologic drugs also used to target the immune system in order to decrease the rapid growth of new skin cells. Such biologic drugs are adalimumab, etanercept, infliximab, ixekizumab, ustekinumab, used to treat psoriasis.
Though Plaque psoriasis is not that serious. Though it cannot be cured fully. The patient needs to take medicines and should maintain the guidelines provided by the doctor to get a better result.