It's just not that difficult to understand. But if your interests depend on a narrative contradicted by facts and reality, then telling only part of the story to unsuspecting others is the way to go....
Recently, yet another in the endless stream of manicured half-stories about the vast amounts of energy reserves just waiting to be pulled from the ground made its way back into internet land, leaving readers convinced we're still on the Abundance Forever track. No worries about energy supply or powering our future with hundreds of billions [if not trillions] of barrels of oil lying beneath our feet.
Optimism is a wonderful attribute. But when it is deployed to mislead and misinform, the luster of "wonderfulness" wears off quickly. That this tactic has become too much the norm in both energy and political discussions is self-evident. What may not be quite so obvious is the long-term harm to all of us.
A recent report by an energy consultancy suggests that the U.S. now has oil reserves bigger than Saudi Arabia's. Believe it or not, that might be a huge understatement.
The Rystad Energy consultancy's latest estimates for U.S. oil reserves says the U.S. may have as many as 264 billion barrels of the crude stuff, compared to Saudi Arabia's 212 billion barrels and the world's total of 2 trillion barrels.
'At current production rates,' notes Reason's Ronald Bailey, 'this is enough oil to supply the world for 70 years.'
He's right. And that's great news. But it's even better than that, in fact.
Well, not "in fact," exactly.
Then again, if you omit comments such as the following when discussing that very same report, you get to tell your Happy Story and no one is the wiser. How nice!
The true estimate of total U.S. oil reserves, when taking into account the current down business climate, may be unknown but is likely in decline. Oil and gas companies have essentially ended their usual obsession with reserves-replacement ratios as the oil price collapse forced companies to focus instead on paying down debt and slashing their operating costs (EnergyWire, June 15).
New exploration and production has also fallen by the wayside, both in the United States and abroad, leading the International Energy Agency to warn of a potential supply shortfall in coming years as the industry has under-invested in new oil production during the downturn.
Despite the bullish tone, Rystad's newest assessment also agrees that future oil supply may not match demand if demand expands at a higher rate than some analysts are expecting.
'This data confirms that there is a relatively limited amount of recoverable oil left on the planet,' the company concluded.
Well that's a different spin! Then again, if you also neglect to mention those pesky investment cutbacks and business declines; the cancellation of billions of dollars worth of exploration projects; the industry layoffs and the impact those losses will have on production efforts going forward; the bankruptcies; the time, costs, and efforts required to resume exploration and production efforts [hint: it's not exactly an overnight process]; the challenges required to explore, access, extract, and produce the more expensive unconventional resources ... then you have a Happy Story to tell!
Can't tell that Happy Story if all of those annoying fact-things muck up the narrative, right? So ignoring them is still the choice in this above-referenced editorial:
As we have noted on these pages many times before, the amount of oil and gas reserves in the U.S. just keeps growing, thanks to huge advances in technology. Bailey quotes from ExxonMobil's 'The Outlook for Energy' for 2016: 'Technology is not just expanding our daily oil production; it also continues to increase the amount of oil and liquid fuels we can count on for the future.'
Fracking and highly sophisticated computerized geological survey software are just two advances that have boosted the amount of recoverable reserves.
Anu Mittal, GAO director of natural resources and environment, in May 2012 told a stunned Congress that just one U.S. energy region -- the Green River Formation, which stretches across parts of Wyoming, Utah and Colorado -- contained an 'amount (of oil) about equal to the entire world's proven oil reserves.' With oil prices near $100 a barrel at the time, it was hard to believe.
Dubbed our Persia on the Plains, the Green River Formation is estimated to have four times the proven reserves of Saudi Arabia, Mittal testified. While the formation's total reserves are 3 trillion barrels, even at the then-high prices for oil, recoverable reserves were about half that: 1.5 trillion barrels.
Rest assured: While much of the oil that the U.S. has underground is not recoverable under current market conditions, it will be there when we need it.
So here's the thing ... the numbers are impressive, to be sure. The oil industry has indeed advanced technology in remarkable ways, and fracking has produced much more needed oil then most observers thought possible. But....
When your motivations and financial interests depend on telling just part of the story, that means there's another part untold. One has to assume that those storytellers certainly know by now that they aren't sharing all the information at their disposal, so the "public good" is obviously not a prime consideration--at least not while there are still dollars to be had--at least for the few. As for the rest of us ... there's always next time, right?
As for the Green River formation reserves the quoted editorial cited? The oil industry has been trying to figure out how to extract oil from that region for more than a century. Perhaps there are some issues the fawning editors neglected to pass along to their readers? Word-count restrictions, perhaps?
Why? It is not that difficult to understand why facts are withheld. It's likewise not that difficult to ponder for even a moment that misrepresenting the facts does not bode well for meaningful solutions. What Happens Then? is an inquiry all too-often ignored in political and economic debates, but it is critically important that should not be open to debate.
Unpleasant though some truths may be, dealing with them in the course of developing plans and solutions carries a much greater likelihood of a successful outcome than massaging facts to suit the narrative of a select few. Reality will make its appearance regardless of the deceit. But leaving the uninformed misinformed carries far more risk than most realize.