Recently, explosive and offensive claims life of many humans in the Ghazni and Balkh provinces of Afghanistan on Tuesday. This incident unveils two respective aspects of the Afghan peace situation: the explosion by a suicidal attempt takes place. Second, these incidents of violence were a cause of the death of several security persons. Ultimately, the said aspects negate the existence of peace in Afghanistan. It also confirms the staggering peace efforts even after the US Administration has decided to withdraw from Afghanistan. So, the Afghan Peace Process is very complex and the following factors are very relevant to it which can be taken into account as under:
Firstly, the violence and bleeding take place on daily bases on Afghan land. Therefore, peace is the ultimate requirement for the people of Afghanistan. Presently, there is still a sole factor behind the ongoing violence: the internal rift between the Taliban and The Government of Ashraf Ghani, based in Kabul.
Secondly, the present upsurge in the violence is the direct result of the misunderstanding likely to take place between the two factions in the wake of the Afghan government's reluctance to release Taliban prisoners. During the US-Taliban peace dialogue held in Doha Qatar, the US representatives assured of the release of 500 prisoners by the Afghan government while the Taliban would ensure to release 1000 security persons whom the Taliban fighters have detained.
Now, the government is deliberately avoiding releasing some 320 Taliban which has pushed the peace situation further towards a quagmire. Essentially, a new verge of violence is going on in Afghanistan.
Thirdly, confidence-building is a very important requirement for the development of peace in conflict. There may be certain scenarios that belligerents have to confirm in the way of peace. Both sides may garner suspicions at every step against each other.
Thus, sincerity should prevail at the bottom of the peace efforts. Likewise, the external factors employ their heinous plots and do not let the peace work for their vested interests. Unfortunately, this phenomenon remains the foremost misfortune of humanity particularly when the great powers are materializing the realistic policies in the world in the contemporary eras.
Fourthly, the same saga of mistrust and external influence is the destination of the Afghan peace. The jingoists on both sides view the rival side as treacherous which takes a spherical shape and does not seem to cease. The external powers also seem active and endeavor to plant subversive hindrances in the way of the successful efforts for peace in Afghanistan. That is why a robust effort for developing a lasting peace in Afghanistan is necessary.
Fifthly, an intra-Afghan peace dialogue is underway which seems a very relevant peace-oriented effort for this conflict-prone country. The important details regarding the present Afghan peace negotiations can be taken into account as follows:
The subsequent intra-Afghan negotiations were booked to start on March 10, 2020, in Oslo, Norway. The arrangement of the Afghan government negotiating group at the beginning had been finalized because the results of the 2019 Afghan presidential elections were taken as questioned.
The deal requires the Afghan government to release 5,000 Taliban detainees by the beginning of the discussions, in a prisoners exchange for 1,000 government troops held by the Taliban. The Afghan government was not involved with the deal, and on March 1 Ghani expressed that he would dismiss the prisoners' exchange: The administration of Afghanistan has made no promise to release 5,000 Taliban prisoners. The release of prisoners is not the United States authority, yet it is the authority of the legislature of Afghanistan.
On the other hand, The Taliban continued offensive operations against the Afghan armed force and police on March 3, 2020, leading assaults in Kunduz and Helmand provinces. On March 4, the US launched airstrikes on Taliban warriors in Afghanistan's southern Helmand territory.
By August 2020, the Afghan government had released 5,100 prisoners, and the Taliban had released 1,000. Notwithstanding, the Afghan government would not release 400 prisoners from the list of those the Taliban desired to be delivered, because those 400 were blamed for grave crimes.
President Ghani expressed that he didn't have the protected power to release these prisoners, so he assembled a Loya Jirga from 7 to 9 August to talk about the issue. The Jirga consented to release the 400 remaining prisoners.