While some suggest that former Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo, a Sephardic Jew who traced his own family ties to the Iberian Peninsula, was the first Hispanic to serve on the high court, there can be no question that Judge Sotomayor's confirmation would bring a new measure of diversity to the court by adding to its bench a Latina with a clear and vital connection to a native-born and immigrant community that is transforming America for the better. (Notably, Cardozo, one of the most highly-regarded jurists of the 20th century, was the last Supreme Court nominee with judicial experience comparable to Sotomayor's.)
Sotomayor is, as well, the product of a working-class background. The daughter of a factory worker and a nurse in a methadone clinic, she grew up in the South Bronx and later the East Bronx, neighborhoods of a New York City borough that served for a time when she was young as something of a national symbol of urban decay. She teaches powerful lessons about how to survive and thrive in tough, challenging settings.
But Sotomayor's most important service as a role model may be as a Type 1 diabetic -- someone who has, since the age of eight, had to deal with what has variously been referred to as "childhood", "juvenile" or "insulin-dependent" diabetes.
If she is confirmed by the Senate, Sotomayor would be the third woman on the Supreme Court.
She would be the first Latina.
The American Diabetes Association hailed Obama's nomination of Judge Sotomayor as a move that "affirms that people with diabetes should not be discriminated against and each person with diabetes should be judged based on his or her merits, not on stereotypes or misinformation about diabetes."
They're right, of course.
But it is important to note how meaningful that affirmation is.
"In the days leading up to this nomination, there were several media reports suggesting that Judge Sotomayor should not be considered for this position simply because she has type 1 diabetes," explains R. Paul Robertson, MD, who serves as president for the medical and science sector of the American Diabetes Association. "The advancements in the management of type 1 diabetes have been just amazing over the last two decades and the ability of people to manage their diabetes successfully has been proven. People with diabetes can function and live a long and healthy life."
The ADA adds, "As this process moves forward, the diabetes community expects that Judge Sotomayor's nomination will be evaluated based on her qualifications and years of experience--and not her diabetes. To evaluate her in any other way would be a disservice to the United States."
Remember that Judge Sotomayor's diabetes affected her career choices. As a girl she had been drawn to Nancy Drew novels. She wanted to be a police detective. But she determined at an early age that her disease might make it difficult for her to do the job. That's when she made the decision that would eventually lead her to the federal bench.
"If I couldn't do detective work as a police officer, I could do it as a lawyer," she explained in an interview with the New York Daily News.