For an answer to that - we have to look inside ourselves - literally inside ourselves - into our DNA. New research in the journal "Science" pin points one of the main differences between humans and chimpanzees that has let our species dominate the planet. And that is our ability to SHARE. Researchers took groups of 4-year-old children and compared their ability to solve puzzles together with groups of chimpanzees working on the same puzzle. Where most of the groups of children completed the puzzle after a few hours - none of the chimpanzee groups could do the same. The reason why was not intelligence - but SHARING intelligence. The children learned from each other - and communicated what worked and didn't work - and copied each other. As the study said, "Teaching, communication, observational learning, and prosociality all played important roles in human cultural learning but were absent (or played an impoverished role) in the learning of chimpanzees..."
Take what's happening in Chicago - where workers are occupying the Republic Windows and Door Factory. Three years ago - Bank of America cut off a loan to the factory forcing managers to shut it down. But Republic's 500 workers didn't budge - and eventually got enough support from the public that Bank of America backed off - giving them time to find a new buyer. Unfortunately now - Republic Windows and Doors is in trouble again - and rather than looking for a new buyer - workers are saying screw it - we'll do it ourselves - we'll own the plant - and we'll run it. They're setting up a worker-owned co-op - a business model that's now catching fire across America. You can see co-ops in places like Madison Wisconsin - where I was last year to keynote the Fighting Bob Fest. I got picked up in a taxi cab by a lawyer. So why's a lawyer driving a cab you might ask? Because he makes good money and has great benefits since he works for a company that has embraced the SHARING model. He worked for Union Cabs - which is a worker a co-op - so he also, along with about 200 other cabbies, dispachers, and mechanics, an OWNER of Union Cabs.
Co-ops are different than corporations - because instead of a small group of shareholders and a CEO owning the company, calling the shots, and pocketing most of the money - ALL the workers own the company - ALL the workers have a vote in how the company is run - and ALL the workers SHARE the profits the company makes. That means the wealth is shared. And people still have an incentive to work hard - because the harder everyone works - the more profits everyone makes. The only difference is we're no longer competing with each other - we're cooperating. And the Union Cab cooperative model is working. It's the largest of four cab fleets in Madison, with the most cars and best service, and an employee retention rate of 85% with most workers sticking around more than 5 years. In fact - there are 9 other co-ops just like Union Cab - all within five miles of the state capital in Madison - from bakeries to engineering companies to pharmacies.
Across America - there are roughly 30,000 co-ops in all sectors of the economy including 300 worker co-ops - owning more than $3 trillion in assets - bringing in $500 billion in revenue and employing over 2 million workers. It's obvious...co-ops are alive and well in America - as well as the rest of the world - where over 3 billion people rely on or interact with a co-op, according to UN estimates. So instead of building an economy that goes against our nature as humans - that suppresses our desires to SHARE - why not embrace who we are? We've been able to survive and grow as a species for thousands of years NOT because we competed with each other - but because we've shared with each other.