A recent Pew Research study concluded the US is becoming more polarized:
1. "The share of Americans who express consistently conservative or consistently liberal opinions has doubled over the past two decades, from 10% to 21%."
2. "Partisan antipathy has risen. The share of Republicans who have very unfavorable opinions of the Democratic Party has jumped from 17% to 43% in the last 20 years. Similarly, the share of Democrats with very negative opinions of the Republican Party also has more than doubled, from 16% to 38%."
3. "About six-in-ten (63%) consistent conservatives and 49% of consistent liberals say most of their close friends share their political views."
4. "Differences between the right and left go beyond politics" Nearly four times as many liberals as conservatives say it is important that their community has racial and ethnic diversity; about three times as many conservatives as liberals say it is important that many in the community share their religious faith."
5. "The center has gotten smaller: 39% of Americans currently take a roughly equal number of liberal and conservative positions, down from 49% in surveys conducted in 1994 and 2004."
6. "The most ideologically oriented Americans make their voices heard through greater participation in every stage of the political process."
7. "To those on the ideological right and left, compromise now means that their side gets more of what it wants."
In a nutshell, Americans are more partisan and more insular.
The new Pew Research Center political typology poll segmented the American political electorate into eight groups based upon degree of partisanship. There were three clusters. The first is "The Partisan Anchors," the Republican and Democratic base: "Steadfast Conservatives" (19 percent), "Business Conservatives" (17 percent), and "Solid Liberals" (21 percent).
When we compare "Solid Liberals" to "Steadfast Conservatives" we see the challenges for bipartisanship. 98 percent of Liberals described themselves as "consistently liberal" or "mostly liberal." 93 percent of Conservatives said they were "mostly conservative" or "consistently conservative."
Liberals believe the "US's best years are ahead of us;" Conservatives believe the US's best years are behind us." 39 percent of Liberals believe the one-year economic outlook "will be better;" 56 percent of Conservatives believe it "will be worse." 79 percent of Liberals believe the "US is successful because of its ability to change;" 78 percent of Conservatives believe the "US is successful because of its reliance on long-standing principles."
Most Liberals agree "Wall St hurts economy more than helps;" most Conservatives -- particularly business conservatives -- believe Wall Street helps the economy. Most Liberals believe "Economic systems favors the powerful," Conservatives disagree.
When asked the question, "I would vote against any official who voted to raise taxes," 79 percent of Liberals disagree but 77 percent of Conservatives agree.
73 percent of Liberals believe "Government should do more to solve problems," whereas 87 percent of Conservatives believe "Government is already doing too much." Not surprisingly, 91 percent of Liberals agreed "Government aid to the poor does more good than harm" but 86 percent of Conservatives disagreed.