Symptoms of Hodgkin's Lymphoma:
- A painless swelling in the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, or groin
- Persistent fatigue
- Unexplained weight loss
- drenching and/or frequent sweats
- a cough or breathlessness
- Itchy skin
Hodgkin's Lymphoma is relatively uncommon, occurring in approximately 3 per 100 000 and occurs usually in early adulthood. You can also get Hodgkin's lymphoma in body organs. The organ most commonly affected is the spleen. It can also affect the liver, bone or lung. There can be a second peak with Hodgkin's Lymphoma occurring in older adults, with sex incidence being slightly more common in men. It is much less common than non Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is diagnosed in about 10,500 people each year.
Causes of Hodgkin lymphoma:
- Infection with the Epstein Barr virus (which causes glandular fever) may slightly increase the risk of developing Hodgkin lymphoma later in life.
- Poor immunity: for example, in people who are taking medicines after an organ transplant; in people who have HIV, and some rare medical conditions that reduce immunity
he most commonly used staging system for Hodgkin lymphoma is outlined below:
Stage I-Cancerous cells are found in only one lymph node group or one area outside of the lymphatic system.
Stage III-Lymph groups on both sides of the diaphragm are involved. Lymph cells may also have moved to one internal organ, such as the liver or lungs. Cells may also have metastasized to the spleen.
Stage IV-The lymphoma has spread outside the lymph glands to organs such as the liver, bones or lungs.
Which treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
As with other lymphomas, there are a variety of treatments that may be used alone or in combination:
- Combination chemotherapy and radiation
- High dose treatment with bone marrow or stem cell transplant