Reprinted from The Guardian
Members of Congress did something almost unheard of at Tuesday's hearing on the brewing battle over encryption between Apple and the FBI: their job. Both Democrats and Republicans grilled FBI director Jim Comey about his agency's unprecedented demand that Apple weaken the iPhone's security protections to facilitate surveillance. This would have dire implications for smartphone users around the globe.
Normally, congressional committee hearings featuring Comey are contests among the members over who can shower the FBI director with the most fawning compliments in their five-minute allotted time frame. Hard questions about the agency's controversial tactics are avoided at all costs. But on Tuesday, in rare bipartisan fashion, virtually every member of the House judiciary committee asked Comey pointed questions and politely ripped apart his arguments against Apple.
One judiciary member questioned how the FBI managed to mess up so badly during the San Bernardino investigation and reset the shooter's password, which is what kicked this whole controversy and court case in motion in the first place. And if the case was such an emergency, why did they wait50 days to go to court? Another member questioned what happens when China inevitably asks for the same extraordinary powers the FBI is demanding now. Others questioned whether the FBI had really used all the resources available to break into the phone without Apple's help. For example, why hasn't the FBI attempted to get the NSA's help to get into the phone, since hacking is their job?
More than anything, though, the members of Congress expressed anger that the FBI director didn't follow through earlier on his stated intention to engage in a debate in Congress and the public about the proper role for encryption in society. Instead, he decided to circumvent that debate altogether and quietly go to court to get a judge to do what the legislative branch has so far refused to do.