high-profile 2nd Belt and Road Forum ended Saturday (April 27) with the signing
The forum attended by 37 heads of the state and governments concluded with an announcement by Chinese President Xi Jinping that cooperation agreements worth $64 billion were signed at a CEO conference during the Belt and Road Forum (BRF) meeting.
According to China Daily since 2013, when President Xi Jinping launched the BRI initiative, China has signed over 170 agreements with more than 120 countries. BRI has created around 300,000 jobs abroad, with trade between China and BRI partner countries exceeding $6 trillion.
The BRI projects are funded mainly through the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Silk Road Fund and Chinese-funded banks, with the initiative's network now spanning five continents.
The BRI is seen as one of the most ambitious infrastructure projects ever conceived. The plan is two-pronged: the overland Silk Road Economic Belt and the Maritime Silk Road. The two were collectively referred to first as the One Belt, One Road initiative but eventually became the Belt and Road Initiative.
A joint communique issued at the end of the meeting highlighted that the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) cooperation should respects openness, transparency, inclusiveness and level playing field. It affirmed the respect for sovereignty.
"We respect sovereignty and territorial integrity of each other and affirm that each country has the right and primary responsibility to define its development strategies in accordance with its national priorities and legislation," it said adding:
"Determined to pursue trade and investment
liberalization and facilitation, we aspire to further open our markets, reject
protectionism, unilateralism and other measures that are incompatible with WTO
rules. We highlight the importance of special and differential treatment in
accordance with WTO agreements."
Those who attended the Second Belt and Road Forum in Beijing (April 25-28, 2019) meeting included Russian President Vladimir Putin and heads of several Asian, African and Latin American countries besides heads of the UN and the IMF. Beijing hosted 5,000 guests from 150 countries, as well as 90 international organizations.
The 37 heads of state and government attending the BRI Forum included 16 from Asia (Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Tajikistan, Thailand, Uzbekistan and Vietnam), 12 from Europe (Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Russia, Serbia and Switzerland) and five from Africa (Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya and Mozambique). The United Arab Emirate and Chile also attended.
The 2017 BRI Forum was attended by 30 heads of state and government including 10 from Europe, and 13 from Asia. In 2017, the BRI projects extended to 65 countries with a combined Gross Domestic Product of $23 trillion.
US & India boycott
widening rift with China the United Sates did not participated in the Beijing
BRI forum 2019. In
2017, Matt Pottinger, the
It may be recalled that in December 2018, U.S. National Security Adviser John R. Bolton claimed in a speech that the ultimate goal of the Belt and Road Initiative is to advance Chinese global dominance.
Kong-based South China Morning News, in an editorial said the United States,
locked in a trade war with China, has been especially critical, claiming the
initiative is about pushing geopolitical aims and making nations subservient
through ensnaring them