Now here's a book that's meant to be used: "Beautiful Trouble: A Toolbox for Revolution"
edited by Andrew Boyd and Dave Oswald Mitchell. The subtitle should be
"Try this at home -- but innovate!" Instead it's "From the people who
brought you the Yes Men, Billionaires Against Bush, etc."
Beautiful Trouble is a terrific addition to Gene Sharp's catalog of nonviolent tactics, less comprehensive, more up-to-date, more U.S.-centric, and focused on the artistic and the entertaining. When someone whines about what they can possibly do if it's really true that voting won't fix everything, hand them this book. When someone proposes violence as the only serious option available, hand them this book.
Here is a guide to activism that focuses on the serious moral case for fundamental change and on making it fun as hell. Here is a sophisticated tool for shaping strategies that are both uncompromising and welcoming of newcomers.
The book is divided into five sections: Tactics, Principles, Theories, Case Studies, and Practitioners. The section on Tactics is far and away the best, with some of the inspiring tactics further developed in the case studies. While the book looks like a reference designed to be searched as needed like an encyclopedia (tons of pull quotes and text in cute little boxes, as if laid out for someone with a four-second attention span) it actually reads very well as a book if you focus on the largest font size and just read it straight through.
We always wonder how to welcome war criminals and robber barons to town. Do we protest? Do we try to participate in their public events in an approved manner? Do we hold up posters silently without interrupting? "Beautiful Trouble" is packed with great approaches to this and other common scenarios. For example, in 2006, Rainforest Action greeted the CEO of General Motors at the Los Angeles Auto Show by pretending to be emcees, thanking the man for the speech he'd just given about GM's commitment to the environment, and unfurling a giant pledge for him to sign putting his promises in writing. He then had two bad choices. He chose to refuse to sign, and the media ran with that story.
Other great tactics explored include "nonviolent search and seizure," or the theatrical attempt to liberate secret documents to which the public has a right. Governments are presented with the option of looking secretive and suspicious or exposing what they're up to and revealing themselves as corrupt and destructive. Successful uses of this tactic are recounted.
Or there's the case of the teddy bear catapult. When officials lock themselves inside a fortress (at Camp David, or in Chicago, or anywhere else), a catapult can be a means of sending them a message in which the main message is in fact the medium.
Other tactics, such as the general strike, are extremely difficult, or -- as with a "debt strike" -- have yet to be successfully pulled off.
"Beautiful Trouble" is not just a list of colorful actions. It analyzes the pros and cons, principles involved, potential dangers, and insidious tendencies. It gives detailed advice on how a tactic should be used most effectively. It can build your movement more, for example, to not just shout people down but to do so very politely under the banner of a Public Filibuster, insisting on upholding their rights as well as your own.
"Beautiful Trouble" includes an excellent rejection of "diversity of tactics" -- which can become "code for 'anything goes'," as well as an explanation of the power and superior success rate of disciplined strategic nonviolence.
Rather than pretending to list all available types of approaches, the authors (dozens of them, activists all) seek to guide the reader toward a model for inventing and generating new approaches. Part of theatrical activism, of course, involves tricking the corporate media into covering positions toward which its owners are fundamentally opposed or -- at best -- indifferent. Even the best of tactics can lose that power simply by having been used before.
The Theories section of the book may be the weakest, as a lot of it amounts to Cliff's Notes versions of well-known intellectuals. And the Practitioners section at the end, which really is just a list of activist groups, leaves much to be desired.
It's also stunning that an up-to-the-minute book drawing heavily on the Occupy movement and other events of recent years and months contains so many examples of opposing George W. Bush, while Barack Obama gets a single mention -- which comes in an account of the Tar Sands protests in which the wisdom of not polarizing against Obama is explained to us. Oh, and there's one other mention praising Obama's campaign messaging.
"Beautiful Trouble" discusses the Overton Window and the benefit of pushing for what you really want or even more. It even offers the example of pushing for single payer if what you want is a "public option." But groups that did that are missing from the book, while praise goes repeatedly to organizations that blatantly violated that specific advice. "Beautiful Trouble" even declares the healthcare legislation that failed to include the "public option" a victory.
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