"Once there was the Stone Age, then the Bronze Age, and now we are in the middle of the Plastic Age," said teenager Boyan Slat. "Every year, we produce 300 million tons of plastic. Much of it reaches our oceans."
At 16 years of age, Dutchman Boyan Slat scuba dived off Greece in the Mediterranean Sea to see more debris floating on and under the surface.
He said, "At first, I thought I was swimming through strange jellyfish. Instead, I swam through more plastic bags than fish."
Seeing all the ocean trash, he asked himself, "Why not clean it up?"
Slat quit his Aerospace Engineering studies to create www.TheOceanCleanup.com in order to fund his research on how to pick up all the plastic trash floating on the oceans of the world. Researchers discovered that 46,000 pieces of plastic float on every square mile of Earth's oceans. That plastic debris stems from billions of humans around the planet tossing their plastic into rivers, streams and directly into the oceans. Thousands of ships, boats and luxury cruisers toss millions of pieces of plastic day in and day out across the globe. Plastic does not break down. It oxidizes slowly into smaller pieces, but it never degrades.
Today, we find plastics in the tissue of birds, fish, whales, turtles, dolphins and just about every creature that feeds in the world's oceans. Plastic debris constitutes a biological nightmare whose consequences reach decades into the future.
Additionally, with the five major gyres revolving in the oceans of the world, in excess of 100,000,000 (million) tons of plastic gather in giant ocean-going garbage patches. You may Google "The Great Pacific Garbage Patch" the size of Texas in the Pacific Ocean 1,000 miles off the coast of San Francisco. It grows from 60 to 90 feet deep in places. It kills millions of sea birds, turtles, sharks, dolphins and whales.
Slat said, "We stuff the oceans with enough plastic equal to the weight of 1,000 X's the Eiffel Tower. It ranges from plastic nets to miniscule pieces. It's doing tremendous damage to our marine life, reefs and all ocean creatures."
Being a brilliant as well as naive teenager, Boyan Slat decided to construct designs of some contraptions that would scoop up millions of tons of plastic floating on our oceans. Because of his enormous ideas, TED TALKS invited him to bring his ideas to a wider audience. Enjoy the 11-minute speech below. You will be shocked at what you see happening to our oceans:
Because of my worldwide scuba diving experiences, I saw the progression of plastics since 1965 when corporations first initiated plastics into the biosphere of this planet.
The plastic pollution problem
- Millions of tons of plastic have entered the oceans.
- Plastic concentrates in five rotating currents, called gyres.
- In these gyres there is on average 6 X's more plastic than zooplankton by dry weight.
- 1/3 of all oceanic plastic is within the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.
Slat's brilliant strategy combines his love of diving with his love of the biology of the oceans. He created a solar powered trawler in the shape of a manta ray that sweeps through the gyres 24/7 to pick up surface plastic, chew it up and store it in huge bins for collection. He also created floating booms that allow the oceans to sweep the plastics into their lairs for efficient pickup. When you see the designs, it will blow your mind.
"If we want to do something different to save our oceans," he said. "We have to think differently. Ironically, those who throw their plastics face consequences. Ocean going ships spend $1 billion annually in repairs from plastic clogging their propellers and intakes."Ecological effects
- At least one million seabirds, and one hundred thousand marine mammals die each year due to plastic pollution. It's probably much higher.
- Lantern fish in the North Pacific Gyre eat up to 24,000 tons plastics per year.
- The survival of many species, including the Hawaiian Monk Seal and Loggerhead Turtle, could be jeopardized by plastic debris.
- Plastic pollution is a carrier of invasive species, threatening native ecosystems.
Boyan Slat, a teenager, stands at the head of his class in creating solutions for the folly of humanity. He needs your support. Join him.