As the U.S. withdraws (its forces from Afghanistan), the unaccountable militias it has nurtured are beginning to look like a valuable proxy for regular military forces under the leadership of Joe Biden, who as vice president advocated a lighter military footprint and greater focus on counterterrorism in Afghanistan, says Andrew Quilty of The Intercept.
Biden was credited in 2010 with convincing President Barack Obama to adopt a more aggressive approach in Afghanistan, doubling down on drones, intelligence operatives, and small teams of door-kicking special forces in place of the "hearts and minds" counterinsurgency approach implemented by General Stanley McChrystal and continued under his successor General David Petraeus, Quilty argues in his recent article titled: The CIA's Afghan Death Squads.
Tellingly, Quincy Institute President Andrew Bacevich was quoted by The Nation as saying that Biden "wants to have it both ways" on the Afghan war. Biden will occasionally say, "These 'forever wars' have to end," but he will also say that America needs to keep a contingent of forces in Afghanistan.
Bacevich also said: "Biden proposes to declare that the longest war in US history has ended, while simultaneously underwriting its perpetuation." Biden's support for a light military footprint could very easily lead him to the same position as Trump: using covert CIA operations to maintain American power in Afghanistan with minimal use of uniformed troops. This is a recipe for more massacres.
The Intercept, report by Andrew Quilty by Australian photojournalist based in Afghanistan, documents the horrifying consequences of this policy: Afghan paramilitary units, known as 01 and 02, have acted as death squads, launching raids against civilians that have turned into massacres. Many of these raids have attacked religious schools, the famous madrassas, leading to the death of children as young as 8 years old.
According to Quilty, "Residents from four districts in WardakNerkh, Chak, Sayedabad, and Daymirdadspoke of a string of massacres, executions, mutilation, forced disappearances, attacks on medical facilities, and airstrikes targeting structures known to house civilians. The victims, according to these residents, were rarely Taliban. Yet the Afghan unit and its American masters have never been publicly held accountable by either the Afghan or U.S. governments."
These raids all involve Afghan paramilitaries who are outside the control of the Afghan government and working in conjunction with American handlers who provide high-tech aid and direction, Quilty reports.
providing detailed accounts of American-led war crimes, The Intercept's report has been met
with near-silence from the American media, The Nation pointed out, adding: Jake
Tapper of CNN retweeted the article, but otherwise there is little
indication that the American media cares.
to The Intercept, "Beginning in December
2018 and continuing for at least a year, Afghan operatives believed to belong
to an elite CIA-trained paramilitary unit known as 01, in partnership with U.S.
special operations forces and air power, unleashed a campaign of terror against
civilians." This unit carried out night raids in which they reportedly
killed civilians, including children. In one night raid alone, targeting a
religious school known as a madrassa, 12 children were killed.
US continues its long history of using death squads
Quoting an article by the Wilson Center, Daniel Kovalik pointed out that the idea of death squads goes back even farther than the 1960s, reflecting "decades of accumulated experience, beginning with the US effort to squelch Filipino independence after the War of 1898. It also reflected European imperial practices, including the British in Malaya and French in Algeria."
Daniel Kovalik teaches International Human Rights at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, and is author of the recently-released No More War: How the West Violates International Law by Using "Humanitarian" Intervention to Advance Economic and Strategic Interests.
The US would first try out its death-squad program in Colombia to destroy the progressive movement there being led by radical peasants, trade unionists and Liberation Catholic priests. These death squads continue to this day, according to Daniel Kovalik.
The US would go on to utilize death squads in other Latin American countries, most famously in El Salvador. Most notably, the US-backed death squads in El Salvador would carry out the murder of Archbishop Oscar Romero, declared a saint by Pope Francis, in 1980, and then the murder of six Jesuit priests in 1989 - these high-profile murders of clergy would punctuate the beginning and the end of the brutal Salvadoran civil war, which would claim the lives of 75,000 Salvadorans.
But the US has not limited its use of death squads to Latin America. Thus, it would go on to use death squads in Vietnam as part of the CIA's infamous Phoenix Program through which around 20,000 Vietnamese were assassinated.
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