In a memoir published this year, the CIA's former top legal officer John Rizzo says that on the last day of 2005 a panicky White House tried to figure out how to prevent the distribution of a book by New York Times reporter James Risen. Officials were upset because Risen's book, State of War, exposed what -- in his words -- "may have been one of the most reckless operations in the modern history of the CIA."
The book told of a bungled CIA attempt to set back Iran's nuclear program in 2000 by supplying the Iranian government with flawed blueprints for nuclear-bomb design. The CIA's tactic might have actually aided Iranian nuclear development.
When a bootlegged copy of State of War reached the National Security Council, a frantic meeting convened in the Situation Room, according to Rizzo. "As best anyone could tell, the books were printed in bulk and stacked somewhere in warehouses." The aspiring censors hit a wall. "We arrived at a rueful consensus: game over as far as any realistic possibility to keep the book, and the classified information in it, from getting out."
But more than eight years later, the Obama White House is seeking a different form of retribution. The people running the current administration don't want to pulp the book -- they want to put its author in jail.
The Obama administration is insisting that Risen name his confidential source -- or face imprisonment. Risen says he won't capitulate.
The Freedom of the Press Foundation calls the government's effort to force Risen to reveal a source "one of the most significant press freedom cases in decades."
Pentagon Papers whistleblower Daniel Ellsberg says: "The pursuit of Risen is a warning to potential sources that journalists cannot promise them confidentiality for disclosing Executive Branch criminality, recklessness, deception, unconstitutional policies or lying us into war. Without protecting confidentiality, investigative journalism required for accountability and democracy will wither and disappear."
A recent brief from the Obama administration to the nation's top court "is unflinchingly hostile to the idea of the Supreme Court creating or finding protections for journalists," Politico reported. The newspaper added that Risen "might be sent to jail or fined if he refuses to identify his sources or testify about other details of his reporting."