When the United States occupied Germany after World War II, General Dwight David Eisenhower and his aides worked with German citizens to write a Constitution that would assure that Adolf Hitler's fascism was replaced with democracy. Recognizing that workers would need to have a voice in the new Germany, they included a provision that explicitly declared: "The right to form associations to safeguard and improve working and economic conditions shall be guaranteed to every individual and to every occupation or profession. Agreements that restrict or seek to impair this right shall be null and void; measures directed to this end shall be unlawful."
When former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt chaired the International Commission on Human Rights, which drafted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that would in 1948 be adopted by the United Nation as a global covenant, Roosevelt and the drafters included a guarantee that: "Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests."
Americans have for generations accepted the basic premise that labor rights are human rights. And when this country has counseled other countries, and the international community, on how to forge a civil and democratic society, we have long recognized that the right to organize a trade union and to have that trade union engage in collective bargaining as an equal partner with corporations and government agencies must be protected.
When Dane County Circuit Court Judge Juan Colas struck down substantial portions of the anti-labor legislation that Governor Scott Walker signed last year, legislation that was written and implemented with the express purpose of undermining trade union rights and constricting collective-bargaining rights, the judge grounded his decision in a recognition of the fact that trade unionists in the United States have basic rights that must be respected.
That is a point that should not have to be made. But, at a time when union rights are under assault by corporate Republicans (and even some corporate Democrats) who seek to tip the economic and political balance of the republic entirely in favor of their Wall Street paymasters, it needs to be restated -- frequently. And not just in Wisconsin.
As Colas notes in his decision, "there is no constitutional right to collective bargaining." But, the judge adds, where collective bargaining has been permitted, there cannot be separate rules that undermine or restrict the basic rights and civil liberties of trade unionists.
Walker's anti-labor statutes and provisions did discriminate against union members and unions for the sole purpose of undermining their ability to function in the workplace -- and in the public life of towns, villages, cities, counties, school districts and the state. Indeed, Judge Colas determined, "the statutes do impose burdens on employees' exercise of (basic rights) when they do so for the purpose of recognition of their association as an exclusive bargaining agent."
"Sections of (Walker's legislation) single out and encumber the rights of those employees who choose union membership and representation solely because of that association and there fore infringe upon the rights of free speech and association guaranteed by both the Wisconsin and United States Constitutions," wrote Judge Colas, in his 27-page decision.
The judge continued...