Reprinted from Counterpunch
The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is worried that recent ructions in the equities markets could be a sign that another financial crisis is brewing. In a sobering report titled "Uneasy calm gives way to turbulence" the BIS states grimly: "We may not be seeing isolated bolts from the blue but the signs of a gathering storm that has been building for a long time."
The authors of the report are particularly concerned that the plunge in stock prices and the slowdown in global growth are taking place at the same time that investor confidence in central banks is waning. The Bank Of Japan's announcement that it planned to introduce negative interest rates (aka, NIRP or negative interest rate policy) in late January illustrates this point. The BOJ hoped that by surprising the market, the policy would have greater impact on borrowing thus generating more growth. But, instead, the announcement set off a "second phase of turbulence" in stock and currency markets as nervous investors sold off risk assets and moved into safe haven bonds. The BOJ's action was seen by many as act of desperation by a policymaker that is rapidly losing control of the system. According to the BIS:
"Underlying some of the turbulence of the past few months was a growing perception in financial markets that central banks might be running out of effective policy options."
This is a recurrent theme in the BIS report, the notion that global CBs have already used their most powerful weapons and are currently trying to muddle-by with untested, experimental policies like negative rates that slash bank profitability while having little impact on lending.
While the BIS report provides a good rundown of recent events in the financial markets, it fails to blame central banks for any of the problems for which they alone are responsible. The sluggish performance of the global economy, the massive debt overhang, and the erratic behavior of the stock market are all directly attributable to the cheap money policies coordinated and implemented by central banks following the Great Recession in 2008. It's hard to believe that the BIS's failure to insert this fact into its narrative was purely accidental.
But the real problem with the BIS report is not that it refuses to assign blame for the current condition of the markets and the economy, but that it deliberately misleads its readers about the facts. While it's true that China is facing slower growth, oil prices are plunging, emerging markets have been battered by capital flight, and yields on junk bonds are relentlessly rising, it's also true that central bank policy is not primarily designed to address these problems, but to ensure the continued profitability of its main constituents, the big banks and mega-corporations. Keep in mind, the global economy has been sputtering for the last 6 years, but the BIS has only expressed alarm just recently. Why? What's changed?
What's changed is profits are down, and when profits are down, Wall Street and its corporate allies lean on the central banks to work the levers to improve conditions. Here's more on the so called "earnings recession" from an article in the Wall Street Journal titled "S&P 500 Earnings: Far Worse Than Advertised":
"There's a big difference between companies' advertised performance in 2015 and how they actually did.
"How big? ...S&P earnings per share fell by 12.7%, according to S&P Dow Jones Indices. That is the sharpest decline since the financial crisis year of 2008. Plus, the reported earnings were 25% lower than the pro forma figures -- the widest difference since 2008 when companies took a record amount of charges.
"The implication: Even after a brutal start to 2016, stocks may still be more expensive than they seem. Even worse, investors may be paying for earnings and growth that aren't anywhere near what they think. The result could be that share prices have even further to fall before they entice true value investors." ("S&P 500 Earnings: Far Worse Than Advertised," Wall Street Journal)
Profits are down and stocks are in trouble. Is it any wonder why the BIS is running around with its hair on fire?
Also, corporate earnings have dropped for two straight quarters which is a sign that the economy is headed for a slump. Take a look at this clip from CNBC:
"Recessions have followed consecutive quarters of earnings declines 81 percent of the time, according to an analysis from JPMorgan Chase strategists, who said they combed through 115 years of records for their findings."(CNBC)
"81 percent" chance of a recession?