A VISION FOR THE FUTURE
EURASIAN MONETARY SYSTEM AND STRATEGIES FOR DEVELOPMENT
he became President of a newly independent
all those new countries, Kazakhstan can be, even with some reservations,
regarded as the greatest success story and much of that relatively peaceful
transition out of the post-Soviet quagmire can be credited to Nazarbayev who
always acted with the conviction that independence was not an end in itself and
had to be utilized to build prosperity, both in his nation and in the wider region.
From the early nineteen nineties he consistently championed the reorganization
of the common former Soviet space through such vehicles as the CIS, the CSTO
and the EURASEC while proposing at the same time a common currency and economic
community for all Central Asian states, including
Eurasian interdependence and solidarity were not empty words in his vocabulary and his view was especially valuable in view of the fact that it could not be attributed to Russian or Pan-Slavic chauvinism. Nazarbayev defines himself as a proud descendent of the nomadic rulers of the vast steppes who on various occasions in the last three thousand years unified much of the Eurasian continent under their various historical avatars, such as the Scythians or Sakas, the Turks and the Mongols, all members of the loose commonwealth of horse riding herdsmen and warriors who held sway from the Caspian to Manchuria and from Southern Siberia to Northern Afghanistan. Nazarbayev draws much of his supra-nationalist inspiration from the late Professor Lev Gumilev (the son of Anna Akhmatova) after whom he has named the new university in Astana. Gumilev, who enjoys a wide following in the Russian and Central Asian academic community, believed that Russians were related, within the Eurasian "superethnos", to the Turko-Mongols and other peoples of the steppes and that the Tzar's empire was a successor of the earlier Scythian and Genghiskhanid continental states.