Send a Tweet
Most Popular Choices
Share on Facebook 11 Share on Twitter 1 Printer Friendly Page More Sharing
OpEdNews Op Eds    H2'ed 8/23/19

A San Francisco Every Month: How China's Urbanization Pays for Itself

By       (Page 1 of 4 pages)     (# of views)   3 comments
Author 75220
Message Godfree Roberts

Republished from The Greanville Post

*

The strength of a nation derives from the integrity of the home.
Confucius, Analects.


(Image by TGP website (Wharton edu))   Details   DMCA

San Franciscans unable to afford the $3,600 monthly rental for a one bedroom apartment sleep in the streets and, like most world cities Beijing recently faced a similar problem. Twenty-three million prosperous Beijingers wanted meals from local restaurants but the quarter-million migrant workers who delivered them could not afford the city's eye-watering rents.

Resourcefully, they found neighborhoods condemned for renewal, hooked up illegal wiring to leaky buildings and moved in until the inevitable fires drove them out, as TV cameras recorded their misery. The city built one-hundred thousand low-rent apartments in twelve months, the problem vanished, yet Beijingers barely noticed. China has been building homes for a million people, the entire housing stock of San Francisco, every month since 1950.

***

China's landlords, the world's oldest social class, maintained their grip on the country's land for three thousand years until, in 1949, Mao placed it in public trust, divided [1] it, and began a series of experiments that continue to this day.

In 1960 he combined individual plots into communal farms for the Great Leap Forward. In 1978, Deng redivided them into family plots that proved inefficient, but attempts to recombine them into larger, more efficient farms failed until 2012. Then a Trial Spot in Sihong County created land management rights that farmers could rent or pledge as collateral, so long as their land remained agricultural.

Beijing promoted Sihong's solution nationwide and, today, millions of rural people are unlocking twenty-two trillion dollars of previously inaccessible wealth. One farmer, Sun Zeshun [2], leased his plot to an agribusiness corporation, became a roofing contractor in a nearby town, and used his new income to build a house and buy an SUV:

"Life is much better now. I have more freedom and my income is less affected by weather."

Urban experiments began in 1953 when, to maintain food production and prevent slum formation, the government issued urban hukou, residency permits, to rural people only if they attended university, joined the Army, or worked in state-owned enterprises. The UN's Alain Bertaud [3] says, "Urbanization didn't happen because the government wanted the country to urbanize they actually kept the hukou in order to slow it down. But the economy asked for it and people voted with their feet.

The government has to cope with urbanization rather than it being a deliberate policy decision. In a way, they are paying the price of this rapid urbanization now. Every year since then, as housing becomes available, ten million people converted their rural hukou into urban permits and soon, only Tibet will retain hukou so, people won't move to the country and overgraze fragile ecosystems.


(Image by TGP website (shutterstock))   Details   DMCA

In 1960, city governments began building hundreds of millions of homes to accommodate the biggest baby boom in history, and, though individual floor space was only forty square feet, they charged tenants nominal rent. Planners trying to build a more productive economy saw housing as a nonproductive expense, but public attachment to its low cost accommodation made reform difficult.

Then, in 1981, a Housing Privatization Trial Spot encouraged renters to buy the homes they lived in for half their market value, and the experiment's success reverberated in every city in China. Within seven years, tenants purchased two-thirds of all urban housing-worth one-third of China's GDP-and unleashed the biggest real estate boom in world history.

Planners had capital to invest, the economy boomed, and housing became a pillar of the country's welfare system. When markets overheated, city governments simply released more land for development to keep housing supply aligned to local wage rises.

Next Page  1  |  2  |  3  |  4

 

Must Read 1   Supported 1   Valuable 1  
Rate It | View Ratings

Godfree Roberts Social Media Pages: Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in       Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in       Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in       Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

Doctorate in Education. Live in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Related Topic(s): , Add Tags
Add to My Group(s)
Go To Commenting
The views expressed herein are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.
Writers Guidelines
Contact AuthorContact Author Contact EditorContact Editor Author PageView Authors' Articles
Support OpEdNews

OpEdNews depends upon can't survive without your help.

If you value this article and the work of OpEdNews, please either Donate or Purchase a premium membership.

STAY IN THE KNOW
If you've enjoyed this, sign up for our daily or weekly newsletter to get lots of great progressive content.
Daily Weekly     OpEdNews Newsletter
Name
Email
   (Opens new browser window)
 

Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author)

A San Francisco Every Month: How China's Urbanization Pays for Itself

Comments

The time limit for entering new comments on this article has expired.

This limit can be removed. Our paid membership program is designed to give you many benefits, such as removing this time limit. To learn more, please click here.

3 people are discussing this page, with 3 comments


David William Pear

Become a Fan Follow Me on Twitter

(Member since Nov 29, 2014), 48 fans, 78 articles, 356 quicklinks, 3659 comments
Facebook Page Twitter Page Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in


Add this Page to Facebook! Submit to Twitter Share on LinkedIn Submit to Reddit


  New Content

For 30 years the US has been destroying. China has been building. US is a warmonger. China avoids war if at all possible. The US is capitalist. China is communist. Sounds damn good to me!

Submitted on Friday, Aug 23, 2019 at 3:21:12 AM

Author 0
Add New Comment
Share Comment
Reply To This   Recommend  (0+)
Help
 
Indent

Stan Crawford

Become a Fan
Author 511938

(Member since Aug 15, 2018), 1 fan, 209 comments
Not paid member and Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in Not paid member and Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in Not paid member and Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in Not paid member and Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in


Add this Page to Facebook! Submit to Twitter Share on LinkedIn Submit to Reddit


Reply to David William Pear:   New Content

China never has been "Communist." Mao and a chosen few received special privileges the citizen was denied. You can call it Mao-ism, but today China is more Capitalist than the USA; having few labor/environmental laws.


I also find it absurd tRump/others blaming China for "stealing" jobs, when tRump family products are made in China and tariff exempt.


Paul Craig Roberts recent article on globalization, neglects to admit it was the unpatriotic, immoral, unethical Ronald Reagan who fired the union FAA Air Traffic Controllers, to encourage this off-shoring/out-sourcing of American manufacturing to China. Not following through on the Carter Energy Policy now has China leading the world in fast train and Alternative energy use and research. PCR is busy trying to revise his wrong side of history and not be blamed for his involvement in one of the most corrupt and highest Felon employment rates the White House has ever known.

These misguided Reagan policies laid the foundation for the PRC/CCP to now threaten US economic/military interests and Taiwan.


I have witnessed the past 40 years the US commit to its military misadventures to first support Reagan Freedom Fighter's with billions of $'s in weapons, now costing the country trillions of $'s and scores of US soldiers/innocent killed, maimed and committing suicide in the farce War of Terror against these relabeled "Terrorists." Putting multitudes of millions into poverty, while the PRC/CCP has lifted untold millions out of poverty. It's a no-brainier why nations are eagerly signing onto China's BRI, knowing their economic future has a better chance of success than the death/destruction, whining, sanctions and tariff war tripe; to try and get its way in the world.


Many look forward to the day when the US and its "Chosen One" King Con Don are no longer relevant and its military toys are mothballed due to the $'s collapse; which Shyster tRump is tasked with doing, since he has greater success in raping women than in business with 6 Bankruptcies to date. A shame the USA has a lust-er instead of a leader presently.

Submitted on Friday, Aug 23, 2019 at 1:19:47 PM

Author 0
Add New Comment
Share Comment
Reply To This   Recommend  (1+)
Help
 
IndentIndent

Eddy Schmid

Become a Fan
Author 512386

(Member since Nov 12, 2018), 1 fan, 261 comments
Not paid member and Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in Not paid member and Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in Not paid member and Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in Not paid member and Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in


Add this Page to Facebook! Submit to Twitter Share on LinkedIn Submit to Reddit


Reply to Stan Crawford:   New Content

Agree with every word. Spot on. Also Kudos to the author of this excellent article. Thank you for your enlightenment. Good to see a light shine into the unknown and reveal most things we've been told about China are simply not true and mostly racist in conotation.

Submitted on Saturday, Aug 24, 2019 at 4:17:17 AM

Author 0
Add New Comment
Share Comment
Reply To This   Recommend  (0+)
Help
 

 
Want to post your own comment on this Article? Post Comment