Justice Is More than Just Us
Thomas Farrell discussed this problem in his 19 May 2014 OpEdNews article "Pope Francis Is Not a Zarathustra-type Person," as well as several other articles. Professor Farrell's latest series of articles has convinced me that it is time to turn my concentration in my study of philosophy from Marx, one of the most misunderstood philosophers of the nineteenth century, to the other most misunderstood philosopher of the nineteenth century, Friedrich Nietzsche.
Here is a long quote from Professor Farrell's article [clarifications and amplifications in brackets]:
"For understandable reasons, Rob Kall is concerned about the psychopaths in finance today.
"However, as the antidote for the influence of psychopaths in American culture today, what we Americans need most is for more Zarathustra-type persons to emerge [self-reliant, self-actualizing, or the 'holistic human' as the good professor stated in an e-mail to me], provided that they are deeply motivated by love for the fellow human persons. (If they are not deeply motivated by love for their fellow human persons, they might turn into psychopaths.)
"Because young Nietzsche was a fan of Ralph Waldo Emerson's essays, I tend to see the Zarathustra-type person as characterized by Emersonian self-reliance. For a detailed discussion of Emerson's idea of self-reliance, see Lawrence Buell's book Emerson (2003).
"In the American political scene today, self-described libertarians tend to embrace their own understanding of self-reliance, which the psychopaths that Rob Kall is concerned about also represent.
"However, in her book Political Emotions: Why Love Matters for Justice (2013), Martha C. Nussbaum reminds us that love is necessary for social justice.