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In 1920, Britain's Mandate period began by assuring:
- a liberal Jewish immigration policy;
- immediate provisional citizenship for Jews;
- easy Jewish land acquisition at the expense of indigenous Arabs;
- contiguous settlements to solidify a Jewish presence;
- employment for Jewish immigrants;
- favorable customs policies to develop Jewish commerce; and
- partiality toward Jews overall at the expense of indigenous Arabs.
World Zionism was also involved. It:
- founded the Jewish Colonial Trust in 1899 to buy land in Palestine;
- the Anglo-Palestine (commercial) Bank and investments institute in 1902 within the Jewish Colonial Trust;
- in 1901, the Jewish National Fund was established to buy and develop land;
- in 1909, the Israel Land Development Company for the same purpose;
- the 1907-established Eretz Yisrael Bureau assisted the project; in 1921, the Zionist Executive in Eretz Yisrael replaced it;
- in 1920, the United Israel Appeal was founded to raise funds to finance welfare, health, education, and continued settlement projects;
- in 1929, the Jewish Agency for Eretz Yisrael was established to represent world Zionists in dealings with the British government in administering Palestine; Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann became Israel's first president in 1949;
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