The British secret service is probably the oldest of its kind. It consists of several branches and had had many names throughout the years. It is mostly known for inventing the first computers to decipher German military codes, which had a devastating impact on German navy and the U-Boats. Currently, the most famous of its branches are the MI5 (military intelligence 5), which is similar to the FBI and is in charge of internal matters and counter espionage. MI6 (Military intelligence 6) is equivalent of the CIA. However, the Mi6 is much smaller than CIA. MI6 has been proven to be very effective and is designed so that there is very little information available about it. Apparently its members are hired through the families of existing members. This reduces the chances of its being sold out by traitors. Also, to increase his or her level of productivity a newly hired agent is appointed to a specific desk related to a country. That agent's job never changes until his retirement. Consequently, after 15 or 20 years of working in a specific country, that agent's knowledge of the target country and its languages is better than that of the citizens of the country. Also MI6's archives are the oldest in the world and they still have documents that are 500 years old, and have not been declassified yet. The worst disaster for MI6 occurred when the KGB was able to put a sympathizer as MI6 director for several years. This caused severe damage to allied covert operations.
Mr. Shapour Jay, Future station chief of MI6. He had several jobs during and after the war including radio announcer
The Soviet intelligence organizations
The soviet intelligence organization has evolved throughout the years. During the Stalin purges it was known as GEPO and currently is known as KGB with an awful reputation of brutality. A KGB officer is an officer in Russian army who is usually stationed in Russian embassies under fake titles. Their job usually is to put together local sympathizers, and mercenaries.
Marshal Beria, killed more people for Stalin than Himmler did for Hitler.
My Family and the Cold War
My family's involvement with the political life of Iran took place during this chaotic time. My uncle and my father were in the construction business and at that time they weren't rich. The communist party accepted them much more easily than the parties that Seyyed Zia was putting together. The main reason for their rejection was that they were not aristocrats. The Tudeh party did not want aristocrats, as it was the party of workers. Once my uncle and my father got involved with the Tudeh party, they both worked very closely with Mr. Reza Rusta, who was the chief of the Tudeh party's labor movement branch.
Mr. Reza Rusta was famous for his deep belief in communism and was famous for being stubborn and controlling. He had spent many years in political prison. He worshiped Stalin and it didn't take too long before Reza Rusta, my uncle, and my father, had a breakdown. By that time, they had had enough of communism and of selling of the country to the Russians. They made a significant move to the right. The problem was that they didn't like Mr. Seyyed Zia or his organizations either. They were only loyal to the king himself. The king was only 23 years old. There was a lot of pressure on him to be as strong as his father. Living in the Shadow of Reza Khan was not easy. The Shah would hear the put-downs and wanted his own men in the government and intelligence. He had the army's allegiance because of the old army General's devotion and promises to his father.
General Amir Ahmadi: saved Iranian territorial integrity more than once, was mistreated by both Pahlavis. Very little left of his good name.
The Americans wanted him in power because the British wanted him in power. Russians wanted him in power only temporarily until they could find a way to cut his throat from side to side. During this period several small parties sprung up in Tehran to stand up against the Tudeh party. None were as strong or as popular as the Tudeh party. Probably all Iranians knew that a takeover of the country by the Tudeh party was equivalent of giving up the country to Mr. Stalin. The country of Iran would turn to Soviet republic of Iranestan. To avoid such a disaster there were several types of political activities taking place against the Tudeh party and the Soviet Union.
(1) Overt Action
This mostly consisted of the activities of the royal family. The Shah would choose prime ministers who were loyal to him and the British. All the efforts were done not to permit communists to have too many members of parliament. Simultaneously with the help of United States they pulled the army back together to create an entity which was capable of putting up a fight and protecting the king and the government organizations. Within the army one division was a tank division, it was most important because it was the only one which could actually conduct a military coup and topple the government. Since the commander in chief of the army was the king he would choose the officers for that specific division personally and history showed that his attention to this one matter saved his crown in 1953.