-- a minority business, political and professional class benefitting at the expense of Israeli workers.
For example, through the 1950s and 1960s, union membership was 70%. It's now from 25 - 30% and declining. Women fare worst, earning about 60% of their male counterparts.
To achieve economic improvement overall, Adva believes "three major transformations" are necessary:
-- ending the Israeli/Palestinian conflict;
-- allocating more for education for all Israelis, not just those well-off enough to afford better schools; and
-- investing in all sectors of society to create more opportunities for more people, as well as new labor policies "based on workers' rights and strict, universal implementation of labor laws."
On May 14, the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) discussed "social and economic rights in Israel in 2011," saying:
Since 1985, race-to-the-bottom neoliberalism significantly reduced social service spending. "The result has been a marked decline both in the quality and quantity of the range of services offered to the Israeli public," accompanied by sharply rising poverty and inequality.