"any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain and suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity"."
Fourth Geneva's Article 27 states:- Advertisement -
Protected persons "shall at all times be humanely treated, and shall be protected especially against all acts of violence or threats thereof...."
Articles 31 and 32 state:- Advertisement -
"No physical or moral coercion shall be exercised against protected persons."
"This prohibition applies to....torture (and) to any other measures of brutality whether applied by civilian or military agents."
Article 147 calls "willful killing, torture or inhuman treatment....grave breaches." They're considered crimes of war and against humanity.- Advertisement -
Geneva's Common Article Three requires "humane treatment for all persons in enemy hands, specifically prohibit(ing) murder, mutilation, torture, cruel, humiliating and degrading treatment (and) unfair trial(s)."