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"On the extreme right-wing violence kind of things like lynching, riots, hate speech, Hindutva interpretation of history etc. - there is some resistance from a section of liberal elites. Or resistance on caste issues from people who care about these issues.
But on long term policies of Indian state - pro-US foreign policy, neoliberal economic policies, etc - there is hardly any understanding or resistance.
I even heard one ex-WTO guy in a seminar here - who was surprised to see the consensus among students on the 'rule-based international trading system' in contrast to fierce disagreements when he came a few years back.
There are few teachers who are exceptions - but in general a far-right shift (in economic and foreign policy) is unfortunately true."
That is obviously and unfortunately what is happening. I witnessed it at JNU, I was told this by my friends, and I felt it on the street.
Binu Mathew, the legendary Editor of "Countercurrents" magazine, based in Kerala, explained:
"During the cold war India was one of the conscience keepers of the world. It took a moral stand on world issues. Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the founders of the Non Aligned Movement during the Cold War. It was a huge moral force during those maddening times. It has completely lost now. It was done by the very followers of Nehru's Congress party. They made India a minion of the USA by signing a military strategic partnership in 2008. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) which came to power after the Congress-led government, took it to another level. In 2016, the US designated India a "Major Defense Partner". Now India is following the dictate from Washington" I think the USA is using India as a bulwark against the growing Chinese influence in the Indo-Pacific region."
Narendra Modi used to be the Chief Minister of Gujarat, during those brutal massacres that I covered. The right-wing, Hindu nationalist, paramilitary volunteer organization, RSS, responsible for those massacres, is now a major force on the Indian political scene. Mr. Modi is held responsible for the pogroms. The academic view of the "events" is summarized by Martha Nussbaum, who said:
"There is by now a broad consensus that the Gujarat violence was a form of ethnic cleansing, that in many ways it was premeditated, and that it was carried out with the complicity of the state government and officers of the law."
Mr. Modi is now Prime Minister of India. Under his rule, acts of state terror are continuously taking place in Kashmir and North-East.
The misery of the poor (the majority of the nation) is deepening. The shameful cast system is still firmly in place.
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