BPC's "central thesis is that to persuade Iran to address questions about its nuclear program via negotiations (and) economic sanctions, (they) must be accompanied by a credible threat of military attack against Iran's nuclear facilities."
It bluntly stated:- Advertisement -
"The United States needs to make clear that Iran faces a choice: it can either abandon its nuclear program through a negotiated arrangement or have its program destroyed militarily by the United States or Israel."
In the 1950s, Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace" program encouraged and financed Iran's nuclear power program. Despite substantial oil revenues, the Shah wanted a modern energy infrastructure, built around nuclear power.
As a result, by 1978, Iran had the world's fourth largest program, the largest among developing nations, and plans were for 20 new reactors by 1995.
Washington's support continued until November 1978. Carter's task force recommended replacing the Shah with Ayatollah Khomeini, then living in France.
At the time, his BP oil negotiations broke down. BP demanded exclusive future output rights but refused to guarantee oil purchases. As a result, the Shah sought other deals. Eager German, French, Japanese and other buyers showed interest.