Sixty-seven commercial television broadcasters operate freely. So do 13 public service and 38 community ones.
Five media giants dominate Venezuelan television. They assailed Chavez throughout his tenure. They materially aided and abetted the aborted two-day April 2002 coup. Globovision's one of the worst. More on that below.
In 2000, National Assembly legislators reformed Venezuela's Organic Telecommunications Law. It affirms communication access. It does so as a human right.
It established three types of media. They include private, state and community.
In 2004, lawmakers passed the Social Responsibility in Television and Radio Law (Ley Resorte). It prohibits inciting hatred, intolerance, racism, criminal activity, public disorder, discrediting elected officials, and disrepecting laws.
In 2010, it did so for Internet communications.
Venezuelan media operate freely. Chavez tolerated no less. Western media scoundrels claimed otherwise. They still do. They misreport saying so.
They spurn professional standards. They violate journalistic ethics. The Society of Professional Journalists' Code of Ethics says: