Send a Tweet
Most Popular Choices
Poll Analyses
Share on Facebook 8 Share on Twitter Printer Friendly Page More Sharing
OpEdNews Op Eds   

The Selfish Organization: Technology and the Rise of Transnational Corporatism

By       (Page 3 of 10 pages) Become a premium member to see this article and all articles as one long page. (View How Many People Read This)   1 comment
Author 92632
Message John Mentzos

In 1911 Frederick Winslow Taylor published Principles of Scientific Management . The ideas he presented became the standard for industry for most of the century. According to Dobyns and Crawford-Mason, "Taylor suggested precise, scientific methods of organizing a factory to get the most out of it" (1991, p.19). Taylor's work helped to launch the era of mass production.


As technology radically changed, so did the sociopolitical environment. The new environment affected our perception of and the meaning of our world, our neighbors, and ourselves. For example, in the past when more people were living in an isolated rural environment, family was more likely to be central to daily activities because the entire family, often including the extended family, worked the farm together. Family was central to an individual's sense of belonging and sense of identity. Furthermore, a neighbor's support was crucial to survival in an isolated agricultural setting.


In the new cities, working long hours at factories away from home and family became more of a focus. Success in the work place became a greater part of self-definition. In crowded cities, workers were interchangeable and work environments were harsh and dehumanizing. Certainly under these new conditions our sociopolitical environment was destined to change.


The technology for achieving organizational goals became more mechanistic.

People felt increasingly isolated, endangered, and mistreated at work, and as a consequence a social adaptation occurred: unionism. Industry responded by creating what we now call human-resource offices.


In 1913 Hugo Munsterberg published his groundbreaking book Psychology and Industrial Efficiency (Robbins, 1998). With this publication, unionism, and the birth of human resources, the stage was set for a new era of organization--a more humanizing era.


During the 1930s, a new view of workers emerged based on the social-man theory. This theory reminded us that human beings are social animals, and that organizations are the sum of the human beings through which they are animated.


The Wagner Act was passed in 1935. This act legitimized the collective bargaining of workers, and the business establishment was forced to come to terms with the idea that workers were more than just cogs in the wheel--they had a collective voice that business was compelled to listen to (Fire Department Company Officer, 2001). The goals of industry began to include meeting the social and humanistic needs of the work force as part of the cost of doing business. Industry began to ask: how do we establish work environments that create happy, more motivated workers? How do we develop human beings into better employees?


Next Page  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10

(Note: You can view every article as one long page if you sign up as an Advocate Member, or higher).


Rate It | View Ratings

John Mentzos Social Media Pages: Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in       Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in       Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in       Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

John G. Mentzos earned his Ph.D. in Organizational Behavior and Development from the Union Institute. For more than 25 years he has consulted with leaders in nonprofit management, government, foundations, business, education, human services and (more...)

Go To Commenting
The views expressed herein are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.
Writers Guidelines
Contact AuthorContact Author Contact EditorContact Editor Author PageView Authors' Articles
Support OpEdNews

OpEdNews depends upon can't survive without your help.

If you value this article and the work of OpEdNews, please either Donate or Purchase a premium membership.

If you've enjoyed this, sign up for our daily or weekly newsletter to get lots of great progressive content.
Daily Weekly     OpEdNews Newsletter
   (Opens new browser window)

Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author)

The Ethnic Cleansing of the Coming Trump Administration: Race War or the New American Genocide?

The Ethnic Cleansing of the Coming Trump Administration: Race War or the New American Genocide?

Is Trump Playing The Far Right

Why The Left Should Carry The American Flag At its Rallies

The Selfish Organization: Technology and the Rise of Transnational Corporatism

To View Comments or Join the Conversation: