To get around the Royal proclamation the corporate interests needed to find another way to get the resources without incurring more costs. The best way was to kill all of the Indians. Purposefully spreading diseases was only one method. In the Prairies they determined to destroy all their food sources and massacred the buffalo leaving tens of thousands of carcasses to rot in the open.
In British Columbia, as late as this past century, Tsimshian and Gitxsan communities were being burnt and the much lauded doctor, Dr. Helmcken, was purposefully [ http://web.uvic.ca/vv/student/smallpox/doctors/rates.html ] inoculating the Tsimshian, Haida, Nisga'a and most other west coast tribes before sending them back to their remote villages. Read More Here [ http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&file_id=5171 ] And in the bigoted Doctors own words, after reading from the previous links read this [ http://bcheritage.ca/salish/trad/jshelm.htm ].
Traders travelling through the interior brought infected blankets with them to spread disease and there is even a documented case this past century of businessmen and workers digging up and taking the blankets from the graves of Indians who died of smallpox to give them to more Indians.
The treaties which were signed were generally under extreme duress. It was the only hope the Indian leadership had to save the last remaining, the last surviving members of their race.
The Canadian government residential schools were instituted long after the initial genocide. The law to force Indian children to attend residential schools wasn't passed until 1920. Then in the 1930's another law was passed to allow the church run schools to sterilize the Indian children. Canadian and British history is replete with laws and journals of; politicians, bureaucrats and traders detailing how they desired to exterminate every surviving Indian.
This is the history not taught to Canadian children.
When journalists, such as those extreme 'white' wing fanatics on the Sun News network, express outrage at the Idle No More movement and accuse those who stand with the Indian people as suffering from "White Liberal Guilt", they ignore the reality. When people proclaim they shouldn't have to suffer and pay for the wrongs of their ancestors they too suffer from severe misunderstanding. It is this lack of understanding which is used to ferment hostilities. This appears to be the purpose of the Canadian media today. No one is properly educating.
Prime Minister Stephen Harper issued an apology for the residential schools system yet the last school closed its doors in 1996, only 16 years ago. All through the 1900's Indian people were being abused and subjugated. Every time the Indian people attempted to use the law, the legal processes, to forward their claims of wrong doing, they were punished and outlawed.
When they brought their claims direct to Ottawa and intelligently put forward a winning argument the government brought in harsher laws and penalties. It was after just such case, in the 1920's, the attendance to Residential schools became mandatory for all Indian Children, which was enforced by the RCMP and gunboats. Their children were seized for God's sake.
They were so well educated already in 1920, their claims so well articulated, the Canadian Government made it illegal for a lawyer to represent them and for any person to fund raise to help the Indians. Nice eh?
Only a few decades ago were Indians elevated above the status of animals and it was only one year ago when Indians were legally allowed to sue their Indian Act Chiefs over issues of basic human rights. [ http://www.terracedaily.ca/cgi-bin/show_articles.cgi?ID=8175&TOPIC=0 ]
The first white man to arrive to settle in Terrace, a small community in Northwest BC, (where this author is writing today), was only 100 years ago. George Little, the proclaimed founder of Terrace is reported to have been assisted by Emma and Charles Nelson, the high Raven Chief of the Kitsumkalum Tsimshian Nation. As was always the case with these people it began with an act of friendship. Soon the traders and settlers disrespected all the Indian people. In Terrace the railway was pushed through graveyards without any regard for the emotions of the people.
Communities were burned and disease purposefully spread. In a final act of indignity to Charles Nelson, during one winter a train with a snow plow scooped him and his dog team off the tracks. He never fully recovered and died in 1930.
To not feel any shame for the actions of our Canadian Government and the previous actions of the former British traders, to not feel any responsibility for the genocidal actions which have allowed us to live with the comforts we have today, is akin to accepting what the Germans did to the Jewish people in the 1940's as understandable.
Until Canadians and the media begin to address facts and reality, to admit openly and honestly what happened, not just 300 years ago, but what happened only a few decades ago, (and still today) the lack of knowledge will foster even more hostility.
The treaties which were made need to be respected not just on the terms they were made, but with the full acknowledgement they were made under duress of a complete genocide. The land in BC, which has yet to be settled by treaty, needs to be recognized as still belonging to the original people.