De Mohrenschildt's relationship with the NTS in Dallas
De Mohrenschildt knew all about NTS, telling the Warren Commission about "This group of Russian refugees (who) called themselves Solidarists. And Mr. and Mrs. Voshinin in Dallas belonged to that group and tried to make me join it. Not being interested, I refused, but I read some of their publications. And it is a pro-American group of Russian refugees who have an economic doctrine of their own. And they seem to have some people working in the Soviet Union for them, and all that sort of thing. It is a pretty well-known political party that - their headquarters is in Germany."
The NTS was very active in Dallas. When the group's leader was interviewed in New York in 1957 by the FBI, the two Dallas people he knew were oil man Paul Raigorodsky and NTS activist Igor Voshinin. Raigorodsky, known as the "Czar" of the White Russian community, was the head of the Office of Petroleum Coordination for War for two years during the forties. Igor Voshinin and his wife Natalie lived in the New York City area between 1947-1955, and then moved to Dallas. When Mrs. Voshinin was interviewed by the FBI on Dec. 10, 1963, less than three weeks after the Kennedy assassination, she made it clear just how serious the Solidarist movement was in the Dallas area:
"She and her husband are members of NTS - Russian Solidarists, which she stated is known as the National Union of Working People, which organization has a representative in Washington D.C. She stated this organization exists in the form of an underground movement in Russia and also has groups in the rest of the world; that its objectives include the abolishing of Communism and the establishment of private enterprise."Jenner was careful not to ask her any questions about the NTS at the Warren Commission hearing. But the irrepressible Natalie Voshinin still managed to flip the script. When Jenner was probing for communistic connections by de Mohrenschildt, she exclaimed that "George repeatedly hinted that he was performing some services for the State Department, you know, of the United States, yes. And under those circumstances, you just don't feel like asking any questions". Jenner quickly changed the subject.
De Mohrenschildt once made a presentation
at a lecture hall about General Vlasov's Russian POWs that fought on the side
of the Germans at the end of World War II, discussed at the beginning of this chapter. Just to shock his Jewish friends
at the club, de Mohrenschildt quipped "I came to the conclusion that Himmler
wasn't a bad boy at all". Raigorodsky agreed that de Mohrenschildt was
a "prankster". De Mohrenschildt settled down as a member of a political grouping that
is virtually extinct - a liberal Republican.
He said that Kennedy was the first Democrat he would ever vote for. Both De Mohrenschildt and Oswald were
attracted by the union of opposites.
Look at de Mohrenschildt's musings about Soviet premier Nikita
Khrushchev: "He is gone now, God bless
his Bible-quoting soul and his earthy personality."
As an aristocratic liberal from a mixed ethnic background, de Mohrenschildt was an outsider in the White Russian community. De Mohrenschildt turned to George Bouhe for guidance in how to get things done. Bouhe was an old-school kind of guy -- born in in Leningrad when it was still St. Petersburg and a bit of an aristocrat himself. Bouhe was an accountant for one of the local oil barons and served as a patriarch in the community. Bouhe testified that Paul Raigorodsky was the 'godfather' of the group, while he himself did the organization work.
Bouhe formed the
St. Nicholas Russian Orthodox Parish, one of the two Russian Orthodox parishes
in the Dallas-Fort Worth area in 1963. Also known as the "Bouhe group," they met in
individual homes with a priest from Houston
visiting every five or six weeks and had services in Church Slavonic, an old
Slavic language that is different from modern Russian language. De Mohrenschildt was part of St. Nicholas'
choir when married to his Philadelphia
wife. The other church, St. Seraphim's, was located
at 4203 Newton Street
where Igor Voshinin attended and services were in English. Voshinin didn't like Bouhe because he was
very publicly in everyone's business, saying things like "Well, you know, I
forget things - so I keep a file on everybody."
De Mohrenschildt's attorney Max Clark had an intelligence background, doubling as an industrial security supervisor at General Dynamics
De Mohrenschildt testified that he thought Clark was connected with the FBI in some way. Clark referred to his interviewing agent Earle Haley as "Earl," and told the Warren Commission that he was familiar with Haley and the FBI from working with them when he worked security at General Dynamics.
"Everyone was discussing that as to whether or not they should (associate with Oswald) especially when he first came back and all of them asked me and I said, "In my mind he is a defector and you know what he is..."
was an industrial security supervisor at the Convair wing of General Dynamics
and well-versed in the ways of intelligence. In 1951, Convair had landed the Air Force contract for the first funded
ICBM study contract. Max's wife, G ali Clark, was an excellent Russian speaker sought out by Oswald to help his family get situated after their return from
the USSR. Her name was in Oswald's address book.
Max Clark had a close relationship to General Dynamics supervisor I. B. Hale
Three years earlier in 1959, Max Clark had received a CIA "covert
security approval" in "Project ROCK" during the same time period that
then-foreign intelligence chief Bill Harvey of Staff D worked
on the U-2 related Project ROCK.
A covert security clearance with
the CIA gives the CIA officer the right to share classified information with
civilian. A CSC is
telling evidence of strong interactions between the subject and the CIA,
whether the subject is witting or unwitting.
Max Clark's file states that he "worked closely" with I. B. Hale, a former FBI agent who was the chief of industrial security at General Dynamics. I. B. Hale had been married to Virginia Hale, who got Oswald his sheet metal worker job at Leslie Whiting during July 1962. When interviewed after the assassination, Virginia Hale said that she remembered Oswald "quite well".