- irrational anger, at time uncontrollable;
- social withdrawal;
- memory loss;
- appetite loss;
- delusions and hallucinations;
- profound despair and hopelessness;
- suicidal thoughts;
- paranoia; and
- for many, a totally dysfunctional state and inability ever to live normally outside of confinement.
As a result, UN Special Rapporteur on Torture Juan Mendez called for totally banning it for children. Calling it "torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment," he stopped short of demanding its prohibition against everyone.
In 2007, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child urged the practice be "strictly forbidden."