The Arab region was divided in 1916 to resolve outstanding conflicts between Britain, France and, to a lesser extent, Russia. The proposed "federation" in Syria follows the same logic.
If this particular Pandora's Box is opened, it is likely to find itself on the agenda of future peace talks in other places, where Libyans and Yemenis might find themselves contending with the same possibility. Both of these countries were, at one point in the past, also divided so it is not an entirely implausible notion.
It is important that dividing the Arabs does not become the modus operandi in managing conflict, the region and its resources. Federalism not only undermines the identity of the Syrian nation, but also plants the seed for further conflicts between warring sects in Syria and across the Middle East at large.
Only a united Syria can offer hope for the future. Nothing else does.
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