This suggests that something has been accomplished by the act alone of obtaining the drug. This is the signal satisfaction of an attempt to re-establish an internal state of mastery. The act of initiating the chain of events which will lead to alteration of the addict's affect, one had confirmed the ability to alter and control one's affective state, and re-affirming a sense of internal potency.
Sober 1975). Addicts characteristically experience feeling a sense of claustrophobia the feeling of being, helplessly, closed in and imposed upon.
FREUD, S. 1926 Inhibitions, symptoms and anxiety S.E. 20
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Living Sober 1975
MILKMAN, H & FROSCH, W. A. 1973 on the preferential abuse of heroin and amphetamine J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 156 242-248
ZINBERG, N. E. 1975 Addition and ego function Psychoanal. Study Child 30 567-588