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Biological Warfare in Korea: A Review of the Literature

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73 Ed Regis, The Biology of Doom: The History of America's Secret Germ Warfare Project, Henry Holt & Co., New York, 1999.

74 Ed Regis' previous published research in disease pathology is a glowing and heroic account of efforts by doctors and researchers at the Center for Disease Control in Atlanta. Ed Regis, Virus Ground Zero: Stalking the Killer Viruses with the Center for Disease Control, Pocket Books, New York, 1996. A critical review of of his subsequent book, Biology of Doom, by Jonathan Tucker states, "in becoming too close to his sources, Regis may have lost his critical distance and begun to view the past through their self-justifying eyes." Tucker further laments that the regrettable "lack of documentation limits the historical value of the book's striking new revolutions." Jonathan B. Tucker, "Book Review: Biological Warfare," Issues in Science and Technology, Vol. XVI, No.2 (Winter 2000) The lack of documentation may also be evidence of the behind-the-scenes guiding hand of Norman M. Covert, the official historian of Fort Detrick whose own slim volume, Cutting Edge: A History of Ft. Detrick, Maryland, 19431993, is an exercise in obfuscation.

75 Regis, op. cit., pp. 1719, Regis references Norman M. Covert , Cutting Edge: A History of Fort. Detrick, Maryland, 19431993, Public Affairs Office (HSHD-PA), Headquarters US Army Garrison, Fort Detrick, Maryland, pp. 1719.

76 Ed Regis, op. cit., p. 36.

77 Ibid, p. 36.

78 Ibid, p. 37.

79 Baldwin remained a civilian during the war. He fell out with his boss, General William Porter, commander of the Army Chemical Corps and a great promoter of BW, over safety issues of the anthrax production factory at Vigo. He returned to Wisconsin in 1944.

80 Sidney Gottlieb, a Caltech biochemistry Ph.D., was chief of the CIA's technical services (TTS). He was the CIA staff officer responsible for overseeing the Detrick-CIA connection. Regis confirms that Robert Lashbrook, the man chaperoning Frank Olson in his hotel room on the night of his death was also a CIA agent, and that it was necessary for the agency to hastily concoct an employment record for Lashbrook to satisfy the NYC police and the insurance claim investigators. Olson was clubbed on the head, then thrown through a wood-frame window and over a 3' high parapet to his death 13 stories below. Regis' claims Frank Olson's death was a tragic suicide, but his conclusion has been previously discredited by other investigators, and publicly acknowledged as false by President Ford two and a half decades before Regis resurrects it here. See:" Ford Meets Family of LSD Victim, Apologizes," Washington Post, July 22, 1975. Other researchers, particularly Olson's son, Eric Olson, believe Frank Olson experienced a life changing apotheosis under the influence of LSD, and wanted out of the CIA and his Bioweapon job at Ft. Detrick. His superiors became immediately worried that Olson had suffered a mental breakdown, that he had become emotionally unstable and might publicly reveal his research at Ft. Detrick and expose top-secret information about the BW campaign in Korea. He was murdered by CIA assassins to plug a potential security leak. See: Wormwood, a six-part docudrama directed by Errol Morris, released on Netflix, December 15, 2017.

81 Regis, op. cit., pp. 168176, Operation Whitecoat involved over 3000 volunteers from the Seventh Day Adventist church who served as human Guinea pigs in pathogen tests by Ft. Detrick scientists.

82 Ibid., pp. 221222.

83 Ibid., p. 222.

84 Milton Leitenberg makes this claim without any supporting evidence. He is highly dismissive of the Unit 731 Japanese BW research acquired by Ft Detrick in 1947, contrary to the evidence of praise for the research from BW scientists and military officials. See John W. Powell, "Japan's Biological Weapons: 193045, op. cit., pp. 4353.

85 Ed Regis, op. cit., p. 227.

86 The urgency of the Chinese, North Korean and Soviet governments to defend against the US BW attack is made clear in 16 documents of official correspondence between Mao, Zhou Enlai, and Stalin in March and April of 1952 after the US BW attack is discovered. They are attached as addendum to: Milton Leitenberg, "China's False Allegations of the Use of Biological Weapons by the United States during the Korean War," Cold War International History Project, Working Paper #78, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington DC, 2016. This correspondence is analyzed in: Thomas Powell, "On the Biological Warfare Hoax Thesis", Socialism and Democracy, Vol 32, No.1, March 2018, pp. 610.

87 Ed Regis, op. cit., p. 234.

88 Jeffrey A. Lockwood, Six-Legged Soldiers: Using Insects as Weapons of War, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009.

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Tom is a founding member of the Bioweapon Truth Commission (BWTC). You should access its Global Online Library (GOL) to learn more about how Western empire conducts "business" at home and abroad ( (more...)
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Biological Warfare in Korea: A Review of the Literature

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