"The UK is far from perfect, and has its own problems with crime. Knife crime and occasional gun crime make the headlines, especially in parts of London. But since banning guns in 1997 it has become incredibly rare to be injured by a firearm, let alone to be killed by one. Average criminals do not use guns because they risk both a mandatory 5 year prison sentence, or being shot. Civilians don’t need guns to protect themselves, and the police are mainly unarmed too. The UK has had two mass shootings in modern history. The first was known as the Hungerford Massacre, the second the Dunblane School Massacre. These led to a total ban of handguns. The government passed the Firearms (Amendment) Act 1988, which banned semi-automatic rifles and placed tight restrictions on the ownership of shotguns with a capacity of more than three cartridges."