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Best Web OpEds    H4'ed 6/23/16

The World's Disappearing Sand - NY Times editorial

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Sand is the essential ingredient that makes modern life possible and we are starting to run out because the number and size of cities is exploding.To build  cities, untold amounts of sand  is pulled out of the ground. Usable sand is a finite resource. Desert sand, doesn’t work well for construction, so we are stripping riverbeds, floodplains and beaches - an estimated $70 billion industry - from multinational companies’ deploying enormous dredges to villagers toting shovels and buckets. This inflicts terrible costs on the environment. In India, river sand mining is disrupting ecosystems, killing countless fish and birds. Sand miners have damaged coral reefs.In 2012 alone the world used enough concrete to build a wall 89 feet high and 89 feet wide around the Equator. From 2011 to 2013, China used more cement than the United States used in the entire 20th century.

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Susan Lee Schwartz Social Media Pages: Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in       Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in       Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in       Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

I began teaching in 1963,; Ba and BS in Education -Brooklyn College. I have the equivalent of 2 additional Master's, mainly in Literacy Studies and Graphic Design. I was the only seventh grade teacher of English from 1990 -1999 at East Side (more...)
 

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