'A bipartisan group of legislators from the National Conference of State Legislators (NCSL) declared in a new report that the reform efforts of states in the wake of NCLB had been unsuccessful. The Educational Testing Service used many tests to determined the ranking of American millennials when it came to literacy, numeracy and problem solving among 33 countries. They came in at or near the bottom in every category. Thus, the US has been outperformed by a majority of advanced industrial nations as well as some less-developed nations since the NCLB bill was passed in 2001. The NCLB is most infamous for its stringent standardized testing requirements through which schools whose students failed to show progress over two years could face significant sanctions – including state takeovers or being made into private charter schools. '