|Researchers at the Lund University in Sweden say they have achieved a major breakthrough in the prevention of heart attacks. They say they have developed a vaccine that can prevent heart attacks by drastically reducing fat in the arteries.
According to the scientists, the new vaccine can be applied either by injection or by nasal spray. They say they expect it to be available in the next five years.
Current methods for preventing heart attacks involve use of drugs that prevent accumulation of fat in the arteries by lowering cholesterol and blood pressure. The new treatment, however, targets the cause of heart attacks directly by drastically reducing fat clogging the arteries. Fat deposits in the arteries narrow its lumen and prevent free flow of blood, forcing the blood to pump harder to sustain blood flow.