'It’s often said that those who can’t remember history, and thus learn from it, are doomed to repeat it. And that is why you are watching history repeat itself.'American intellectuals have failed utterly to grapple with fascism. why it rises, how it works, or what it is. They’re seeing the world backwards, perpetually astonished by their own wrongness' 'and have done their society a great disservice by saying 'economic anxiety' doesn’t 'cause fascism'. That’s what, in statistics, we might call a poorly defined variable, a spurious correlation. 'Can you think of a single example ever, in all of human history, the whole millennial panorama of it, of a fascist movement arising during good economic times, booms, seasons of plenty?' Placing our faith in precisely the broken institutions that let fascism rise to then stop it is the truest kind of folly.'