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|Heilig reviews the racist history of standardized testing and its use to sort people by their socioeconomic status. He refers to court cases brought by civil rights groups in opposition to the use of standardized tests for high-stakes decisions.
Then he proposes an alternative means of assessing school quality, which he calls 'local accountability' or 'community-based reform,' using multiple measures and reflecting the ideas,, values, and priorities of local communities. He writes 'We must press for community-based reforms in the public discourse instead of top-down, privately controlled reforms.'We can utilize community-based, democratic approaches to student and teacher assessment.'Community-based reform and policy changes the conversation from educators and local stakeholders as the 'problem' by instead re-empowering them as the solution and strengthening the thread...