As the suffragist movement gained momentum, other women mobilized committees, circulated petitions, and created associations to oppose women’s suffrage in New York and Massachusetts. Thousands of women would eventually join their fight. The anti-suffragists became a nationwide force that would influence later generations of conservative women. “They said, ‘We’ve got to do something or else we’re going to be stuck with the vote.'” Their efforts would ultimately fail with the ratification of the 19th Amendment in August 1920. But the anti-suffragist women would become a nationwide force that would influence later generations of conservative women. And today, a century after women gained the right to vote, echoes of their message remain.