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Both Pakistan and United States and Pakistan have still differences how to deal the tribesmen. According to an editorial comment, while Pakistan and the US both desire peace in the tribal areas, there are strong differences regarding the way to achieve it. During the last five years Islamabad has employed all sorts of methods to pacify the region. It has raised tribal lashkars to suppress the militants, made use of the Draconian FCR and mounted several military operations. All these measures failed to produce the desired results. Finally under Governor Aurakzai a new multi-dimensional strategy was introduced, which emphasised the employment of the traditional methods of dispute resolution along with socio-economic uplift of the region. The policy paid off. As a result of the peace accords brokered with the tribes and militants, attacks on army checkposts and government installations and personnel came to an end. The law and order situation also improved. In South Waziristan, local Taliban commanders fought foreign militants and ejected them from the area. Islamabad called on Kabul to enter into similar accords with the Taliban.
Washington has, however, consistently opposed the approach on account of domestic politics. The Bush administration wants quick solutions even if they are short lived. It is keen to announce victory over the militants and recall American troops before the elections. It is pressuring Islamabad to take recourse to maximum use of force instead of employing a long gestation strategy that promises enduring peace. The government's reversal of the course as a result of the pressure has led to the cancellation of peace accords. The insurgency has consequently revived not only in the two Waziristan Agencies but also in Bajaur Agency.
The US is reportedly again putting pressure on Pakistan to launch a full-fledged military operation in the two Waziristan agencies. The matter was presumably on the agenda of Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte when he visited Pakistan early this month. The policy does not suit Pakistan, which has yet to secure the release of nearly 300 of its soldiers taken hostage on August 30 by the tribesmen in South Waziristan. Thanks to the attempts made by legislators from the area, a ceasefire is now in place between the militants and government forces after intense fighting causing heavy losses to both sides. The militants have reportedly agreed to release the troops in phases in return for the withdrawal of regular forces from some of the Mehsud areas. It would be highly unwise to initiate a military action that can only land Pakistan army into a quagmire. Washington should be told that quick fixes are not going to work.